SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (1): 119-127.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2020.01.015

Previous Articles     Next Articles

SEM-based Analysis on Leisure Satisfaction of Urban Residents in Ningbo City

Zhou Bin1, Wang Yutong1,2, Yu Hu3, Lyu Ning4(), Zhang Yichi1,2   

  1. 1. Tourism Department of Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, Zhejiang, China
    2. Sino-European Institute of Tourism and Culture, University of Angers, Angers 49004, France
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    4. Tourism School, Beijing International Studies University, Beijing 100024, China
  • Received:2019-03-11 Revised:2019-06-15 Online:2020-01-10 Published:2020-03-17
  • Contact: Lyu Ning
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China(19BJY205);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41701164);Research Topic of Strategic Co-construction Research Center of Ningbo and Chinese Academy of Social Sciences(NZKT201302)


Leisure satisfaction is one of the most important areas of leisure research, which has a significant impact on improving urban residents’ life quality. However, domestic research on leisure satisfaction is still at the exploration stage, few previous studies has used structural equation model to analysis urban residents’ leisure satisfaction. Thus, the purpose of this study was to explore factors affecting leisure satisfaction among urban residents in Ningbo, Zhejiang Province. Items were derived from an adaptation of the Beard and Ragheb (1980) Leisure Satisfaction Scale. Data were collected from 940 residents at places for daily leisure activities in Ningbo. Participants were assessed using a questionnaire that captured leisure satisfaction and demographic data. Identity test was performed to assess the leisure satisfaction model fit. The findings were indicated as follows: 1) Urban residents in Ningbo were mostly satisfied with relaxation experience (3.895) brought by leisure, followed by educational function (3.564) and aesthetic experience (3.547). The values of physiological satisfaction (3.534) and psychological satisfaction (3.447) were relatively low, and the item of social satisfaction (3.403) was the lowest. 2) According to the results of SEM analysis, it was found that the aesthetic satisfaction, physiological satisfaction and psychological satisfaction have significant positive impacts on the overall leisure satisfaction of residents surveyed in Ningbo, among which, aesthetic satisfaction has the greatest influence, subsequent psychological satisfaction and physical satisfaction. The path coefficients are 0.280, 0.240 and 0.159, respectively, while the assumptions of the influence of relaxation satisfaction, social satisfaction and educational satisfaction on overall leisure satisfaction has not been supported. (P values are 0.845, 0.385 and 0.866, respectively, all greater than 0.05). 3) The findings also showed that when factor load is set, residual variation is measured, factor variance and covariance were identical, the SEM of leisure satisfaction of Ningbo urban residents constructed in this study still has the identity between samples. 4) The results verified the theoretical hypothesis, as well as clarified the influencing mechanism of leisure satisfaction of Ningbo urban residents. The SEM shows stability and validity between different samples. Therefore, the article provided valuable theoretical reference for improving leisure satisfaction of urban residents in the case.

Key words: structural equation model(SEM), leisure satisfaction, urban residents, Ningbo City

CLC Number: 

  • F590