SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (4): 572-580.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2020.04.009

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Transition of Rural Settlements: Concept, Feature, Mechanism and Path

Qu Yanbo   

  1. School of Public Management, Shandong University of Finance and Economic, Jinan 250014, Shandong, China
  • Received:2019-06-18 Online:2020-04-10 Published:2020-06-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771560)

Abstract:

In the new era, China's rural areas are experiencing a process from recession to development. As an important structural component of the rural system, rural settlements are undergoing drastic restructuring and transition, which has triggered a series of impacts and effects. It is a new proposition to comprehensively grasp the transition law of rural settlements and scientifically select the transition path of rural settlements in order to promote the sustainable development of rural areas and respond to the strategy of rural revitalization. Based on the theories of human settlements, regional system of human-land relationship and land use transition, the article explains the concept connotation and characterization elements of rural settlements transition from the perspective of material-social space coupling, reveals the basic characteristics of rural settlement space in different historical stages from homogeneous isomorphism to heterogeneous heterogeneity, analyses the driving mechanism of rural settlement transition under the combined effects of external pulling force, endogenous thrust force and system sudden change force. Finally, the path system of rural settlement transition zoning, classification and sub-model is designed under the goal of rural revitalization. The study holds that the rural settlement is a combination of material space and social space,which can be characterized by life, production, ecology and family, neighbors, villages and other elements. In the process of rural settlement transition, there are various spatial elements lag and volatility and lead to the multiple types and multiple paths of rural settlements development. Usually,the rural settlement transition is formed by the external environment such as industrialization, urbanization, policy and technological innovation, and internal artificial society and system mutation factors, but the different ways and degrees of different dynamics are different. Rural settlements transition is a process of benign development and an important fulcrum for rural revitalization,it should adjust the coordinated evolution of material space and social space, enhance the endogenous motive force of rural settlements and the ability to resist, adapt and transform to external interference, and promote the diversified development of rural settlements in a classified and orderly manner and drive the rural revitalization.

Key words: rural settlements, rural revitalization, transition and reconstruction, material space, social space, Rural Geography

CLC Number: 

  • F129.9