SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (5): 710-719.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2020.05.005

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Spatial Pattern and Influencing Factors of Retailing Industries in Xi'an Based on POI Data

Gao Yanhui1(), Yang Qingqing2(), Liang Lu1, Zhao Yonghong1   

  1. 1. School of Tourism & Research Institute of Human Geography, Xi'an International Studies University, Xi'an 710128, Shaanxi, China
    2. Northwest Land and Resource Research Center, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710119, Shaanxi, China
  • Received:2018-12-31 Revised:2019-03-27 Online:2020-05-10 Published:2020-08-18
  • Contact: Yang Qingqing E-mail:rwdl_gyh@163.com;yqq@mails.ccnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871168);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41831284);Shaanxi Province Natural Science Basic Research Program(2018JM4006);Shaanxi Province Natural Science Basic Research Program(2018JM4022);Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities(GK202003100)

Abstract:

In the long-term evolution and competition, the spatial pattern of retailing industries reflects the rules of location selection and residents' needs. Based on POI data, the spatial pattern of retailing industries in Xi'an is analyzed. The spatial distribution pattern and agglomeration state of retailing industries sub sectors are analyzed by using Kernel density estimation, and bivariate spatial autocorrelation, nearest neighbor analysis method. The main conclusions are as follows: 1) Because of close relative to urban residents' daily life, retailing industries' spatial agglomeration reflects the distribution pattern of the urban center and the scope of the economically active area in Xi'an. The overall structure of the retailing industries in Xi'an is classical ‘center-periphery’, with the Bell Tower at the center, and the area within 16 km from the bell tower. The retailing industries act as a ‘single island’ in the four outer suburbs peripheral, Yanliang, Gaoling, Lintong and Huyi. 2) The spatial distribution characteristics of retailing are related to the residents' aligned consumption frequency. Products retailing with large daily consumption tend to be located in inner-city, while the product retailing with durable consumer goods, especially the products that need to occupy a large site, tend to be the peripheral area. The retailing of culture/sports goods and equipment, the retailing of textiles/clothing and daily necessities tend to distribute in inner-cities, while the retailing of automobiles, motorcycles, spare parts/fuel/other power, and the retailing of hardware, furniture and interior decoration materials are more inclined to distribute in the periphery area in Xi'an. 3) The comprehensive retailing, the retailing of food/beverage and tobacco products, the retailing of textiles/clothing and daily necessities, and the retailing of medicine and medical equipment tend to be centralized, to get close to consumers, and share the consumption market and space. While the retailing of automobile, motorcycle, spare parts/fuel/other power, and the retailing of hardware, furniture and interior decoration materials tends to be centralized itself obviously to share the brand effect. The spatial distribution of retailing outlets is obviously affected by traffic hubs, trunk lines, especially urban secondary roads.

Key words: retailing industries, POI, kernel density, bivariate spatial autocorrelation, Xi'an

CLC Number: 

  • K902