SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (7): 1160-1170.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2020.07.013

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Evolution of China's Tourism Industry Agglomeration Spatial Pattern and Its Impact on Tourism Economy Based on Specialization and Diversification Agglomeration Perspective

Wang Xinyue1,2(), Lu Xuejing1   

  1. 1. Management College, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, Shandong, China
    2. Ocean Development Research Institute, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, Shandong, China
  • Received:2019-03-25 Revised:2019-07-28 Online:2020-07-25 Published:2020-12-07
  • Supported by:
    Youth Foundation of Humanities and Social Sciences of Education Ministry(14YJC790123);Special Fund Project for Youth Teachers Scientific Research of Ocean University of China(201613004);Ministry of Culture and Tourism 2019 Cultural Arts and Tourism Research Project(19DY13)

Abstract:

Based on the data of 31 provincial districts in China from 2001 to 2018, comprehensively using the methods of spatial analysis and mathematic model, it analyzes the characteristics of spatial pattern evolution of tourism industry specialization, diversification agglomeration and proves it whether will promote tourism economic. The research stated the following: 1) the degree of tourism industry specialization agglomeration has a distribution characteristic with western areas higher than the east, and the agglomeration index is decreased year by year; on the other hand, the degree of diversification agglomeration were opposite, which is high in the east and low in the west and the agglomeration index were increased as year go on; 2) Based of the Getis-Ord G* indexes distribution graph, the model demonstrates that the specialization agglomeration indexes hot-spot areas are mainly distributed in western provinces, which cold-spot area are spread in eastern and central China. The hot-spot areas of diversification agglomeration indexes are located in coastal provinces of China, and the cold-spot areas majority distributed in western Xinjiang and Tibet; 3) SDM model estimation result shows that: China’s diversification agglomeration of tourism industry can promote the improvement on tourism economy, but specialization agglomeration has a restraining effect; for the dimension of three regions, the effect of different regions has significant differences: diversification agglomeration are significantly positive on tourism economic in the eastern region, yet the positive effect of diversification agglomeration in the central region were not as significant. Specialization agglomeration in the eastern and central regions hindered the development of tourism economy, while the western region carries out a significant promotion effect. 4) The growth of tourism economy in China is the result of the combination of various factors such as the level of urbanization, economic development, improved traffic conditions, institution environment, and the industrial structure, and all the factors have obvious effect on the development of tourism economy. Due to the consideration of the influence of spatial location, this study not only reveals the spatial correlation of the specialization, diversification agglomeration of the tourism industry, but also effectively reveals the spatial spillover effects of the provincial tourism economy. At the same time, the results show that adjust the industrial structure according to regional conditions, promote the stable and sustainable development of the tourism economy, and further study the structural proportion of tourism industry provide a significant reference.

Key words: tourism industry, specialization agglomeration, diversification agglomeration, tourism economy

CLC Number: 

  • F59