SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 562-570.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2021.04.002

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Influencing Factors and Disequilibrium of Urban Municipal Infrastructure in China: Analysis Framework Based on City Classification

Lin Jianpeng(), Cao Xianqiang(), Zhang Yinghui   

  1. School of Political Science and Public Administration, Shandong University, Qingdao 266237, Shandong, China
  • Received:2020-01-07 Revised:2020-03-20 Online:2021-04-10 Published:2021-06-04
  • Contact: Cao Xianqiang E-mail:linjianpeng1991@126.com;caoxq@sdu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China(16ZDA080);National Social Science Foundation of China(16B22049)

Abstract:

The research on the evaluation of municipal infrastructure is of great significance for building a solid foundation for urban development, promoting the new business forms of urban development, and promoting the coordinated development of urban economic growth, social development and ecological environment protection. In order to correctly understand the development status of China’s municipal infrastructure level, factor analysis, spatial statistical analysis, overall difference index and decomposition methods were used to analyze the evolution of municipal infrastructure factors, disequilibrium and the relationship with economic development level in 36 key cities, 253 ordinary prefecture-level cities and 338 county-level cities in 2006, 2011 and 2016. The main conclusions are as follows: 1) The factors, non-equilibrium, spatial distribution, and evolution of municipal infrastructure in different levels of cities have both commonalities and differences. 2) Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the focus of urban municipal infrastructure investment has changed, with more emphasis on people-centered urbanization. The correlation between the level of municipal infrastructure and the level of urban economic development has weakened between 2012 and 2016, and infrastructure investment has begun to pay more attention to people’s livelihood. 3) On the whole, the spatial distribution of urban municipal infrastructure level is characterized by higher in the east, central in the middle part, and lower in the northeast and west of China. At the same time, it has a positive spatial autocorrelation. 4) The overall, regional and inter-regional non-equilibrium of municipal infrastructure in key cities are higher than those of ordinary prefecture-level cities and county-level cities. 5) The inequality between regions is the dominant source of the current non-equilibrium problem of China’s municipal infrastructure. 6) The non-equilibrium between the level of municipal infrastructure and urban economic development is not a simple linear correlation.

Key words: municipal infrastructure, factor analysis, non-equilibrium, spatial statistical analysis

CLC Number: 

  • D630