SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 625-633.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2021.04.009

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Spatial Distribution and Driving Factors of Ancient Village and Town Fairs in Guangdong in the 1930s

Chen Gangqiang1(), Liu Peilin2(), Wu Zhuangyi1, Liu Juan1   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management, Changsha University, Changsha 410022, Hunan, China
    2. Rural Revitalization Research Institute, Changsha University, Changsha 410022, Hunan, China
  • Received:2019-11-23 Revised:2020-10-10 Online:2021-04-25 Published:2021-06-04
  • Contact: Liu Peilin E-mail:chenecly@163.com;liu_peilin@126.com
  • Supported by:
    Major Program of National Social Science Foundation of China(16ZDA159);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41101123);Natural Science Foundation of Hunan(2016JJ6006)

Abstract:

By combing and confirming the historical map data and relevant historical materials, using the spatial analysis methods such as GIS spatial analysis technology and geographical weight regression model, this paper discussed the spatial distribution and driving factors’ spatial spillover effects of ancient village and town fairs in Guangdong in the 1930s. The results show that the spatial structure of ancient village and town fairs in Guangdong takes the Pearl River Delta as the core, which is a circle structure with tree- linear distribution characteristics. The spatial difference of the average trade radius, the hierarchical structure of distribution and the hierarchical characteristics of functions are the deepening and embodiment of core-periphery structure. The source power is the water post system, and it will be to reduce the average trade radius of ancient village and town fairs in each county. Land transportation promotes the transformation of the spatial distribution structure of ancient villages and town fairs. Especially in the main land transportation lines, the distribution of towns is obviously more intensive. However, under the condition of underdeveloped land transportation, the spatial spillover effect of land transportation is not fully manifested. Population concentration provides the basic conditions for the formation and evolution of the spatial distribution of ancient village and town fairs. It has a significant spatial spillover effect on the change of the average trade radius. Based on the population concentration, Social and economic development and regional internal and external relations are the internal forces of the formation and development of the spatial structure. Its driving role is mainly reflected in promoting quality transformation in relatively developed regions and quantity growth in relatively underdeveloped regions. But the above driving factors are also restricted by the unstable political system environment. The large-scale emigration of local residents has greatly affected the number and scale growth of ancient village and town fairs, and the contribution of overseas Chinese immigrants to the local social and economic development also has an important impact on the distribution of ancient village and town fairs.

Key words: ancient village and town fairs, core-periphery structure, spatial spillover effect, 1930s, Guangdong

CLC Number: 

  • K901