SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2022, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (7): 1187-1195.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2022.07.006

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Policy Mobility of China’s Overseas Economic and Trade Cooperation Zone: ACase Study of Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area and China-Egypt TEDA Suez Economic and Trade Cooperation Zone

Wang Shufang1,2(), Yan Yuxin1, Meng Guangwen1,2,3,*()   

  1. 1. School of Geographic and Environmental Sciences, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China
    2. Institute of Free Economic Zone, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China
    3. Institute of European Civilization, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China
  • Received:2021-02-24 Revised:2021-04-27 Online:2022-07-10 Published:2022-09-07
  • Contact: Meng Guangwen E-mail:sfwang@tjnu.edu.cn;gwmeng2016@qq.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41971161);Major Program of National Social Science Foundation of China(20&ZD138);Interdisciplinary Research Team of Tianjin Normal University(135205RH08);Think Tank Project of Tianjin Philosophy and Social Science(TJZK17-11)

Abstract:

China’s overseas economic and trade cooperation zones are the spatial diffusion of the development experience of China’s special economic zones. Based on the unique conditions of host country, the construction experience of domestic parks should be adjusted and applied to China’s overseas economic and trade cooperation zones in order to adapt to the localized development. By use of case study and comparative analysis, this paper proposes a theoretical framework of policy mobility, and takes Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area (TEDA) and China-Egypt TEDA Suez Economic & Trade Cooperation Zone (TEDA Suez) as examples to compare the relevant policies of domestic industrial zone and overseas economic & trade cooperation zone, thus verifies the applicability of policy in different “soil environment”. The research shows that: 1) According to the influencing factors of policy implementation and different functions of policy, policy mobility can be divided into policy transplantation, policy adjustment and policy innovation. 2) Planning and construction experience, operation management experience, environmental protection policy, talent training policy can be used directly as policy transplantation; the development model and cultural policy belong to policy adjustments; legal policy, promotion policy and preferential policy should be completely changed as policy innovation. 3) The common features of two parks are reflected in the use of mature experience in domestic parks, the cultivation and reserve of talents, the protection of the park’s ecological environment, and the improvement of infrastructure and supporting facilities. 4) The individuality of parks is embodied in seeking for the similarities on the basis of respecting cultural differences, the building of park brand, the innovation of promotion system, the establishment of coordination mechanism. This paper applies the theory of policy mobility to studying the relationship between domestic and overseas parks, and exploring the process of policy transplantation, policy adjustment and policy innovation, which deepens the connotation of policy mobility theory and enriches the theoretical research of overseas economic and trade cooperation zone.

Key words: the Belt and Road Initiative, overseas economic and trade cooperation zone, policy mobility, Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area, China-Egypt TEDA Suez Economic and Trade Cooperation Zone

CLC Number: 

  • K092