SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2023, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (4): 638-648.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2023.04.007

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Spatial distribution characteristics and influencing factors of typical Chinese villages: Based on the investigation of four types villages

Zou Qiuyu1(), Sun Jianwei1(), Yang Danli2, Luo Jing2, Cui Jiaxing2, Wei Zehang1   

  1. 1. School of Geographical and Environmental Sciences, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550025, Guizhou, China
    2. Hubei Provincial Key Laboratory for Geographical Process Analysis and Simulation, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, China
  • Received:2022-05-16 Revised:2022-07-20 Accepted:2022-12-13 Online:2023-04-30 Published:2023-04-20
  • Contact: Sun Jianwei E-mail:2550419616@qq.com;sunjianwei@whu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    Guizhou Provincial Science and Technology Project(Qiankehe Foundation-ZK [2022] General 313);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41961031);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42271228);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41901201);Guizhou Normal University-funded Doctoral Research Project(GZNUD [2018] No. 21);uizhou Normal University 2019 Academic New Seedling Cultivation and Innovation Exploration Special Project(Qian Shi Xin Miao [2019] No. A13)

Abstract:

Typical Chinese villages is the core of the interaction of human-land relationship in rural areas and the spatial carrier of rural revitalization. Systematic study of the spatial distribution of typical villages and their influencing factors is important for the systematic evaluation, identification, rational planning and layout of typical villages in the process of rural revitalization strategy implementation. Taking traditional villages, ethnic villages, key rural tourism villages and forest villages as research objects, this paper comprehensively analyzes the spatial distribution characteristics and influencing factors of typical villages by using ArcGIS spatial analysis and geographic detectors. The results show that: 1) The typical Chinese villages is distributed in a spatial pattern of ''dense in the southeast and sparse in the northwest'', bounded by the Hu Line. 2) The spatial distribution of typical Chinese villages has a significant agglomeration, among which the high-density areas of traditional villages are distributed in Southeastern Guizhou-Western Hunan-South Anhui, Southwest Zhejiang-North Fujian and Southeastern Shanxi, and the core area is in the shape of ''品''. The high-density area of ethnic villages is located at the intersection of Hunan, Guangxi and Guizhou, and gradually decreases from southwest to northwest and coastal areas. The key rural tourism villages radiate westward to Qinghai, Gansu, Sichuan and Yunnan with Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and Shanghai-Jiangsu-Zhejiang as the double core. Forest villages radiate from Beijing and the border of Zhejiang and Anhui to the surrounding areas. 3) The main factors affecting the spatial distribution of typical villages include topography, hydrology, transportation, economic development level, population and ecological environment, etc. The study on spatial distribution characteristics and influencing factors of typical Chinese villages can provide suggestions and references for the development protection and further development.

Key words: typical villages, agglomeration, geo-detector

CLC Number: 

  • K901.8