SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2023, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (4): 658-667.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2023.04.009

Previous Articles     Next Articles

Evolution of urban-rural structure and its effect on economic growth in the three provinces of Northeast China

Yang Yangmeina(), Zhang Yu(), Gao Huiying, Xu Caifen, Liu Jian   

  1. School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, Jilin, China
  • Received:2022-02-10 Revised:2022-08-06 Online:2023-04-30 Published:2023-04-20
  • Contact: Zhang Yu E-mail:yangymn017@nenu.edu.cn;zhangy221@nenu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42201181);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42071223);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41571115);China Postdoctoral Science Foundation(2022M720696)

Abstract:

Urban and rural development is one of the important connotations in the practice of structural transformation and sustainable development in the new era of China. Exploring the relationship between urban-rural structure and economic growth in the three provinces of Northeast China is not only the research focus of new urbanization and high-quality economic development, but also an important issue to be solved in the process of Northeast revitalization. Based on the panel data of 34 prefecture-level cities in the three provinces of Northeast China from 2003 to 2019, this paper constructs an urban-rural structural coordination index system including economic structure, factor structure, social structure and public service structure. Using the global entropy method and the spatial econometric model, this paper explores the urban-rural structure evolution pattern and its effect on economic growth. The research found that: 1) From 2003 to 2019, the overall level of urban-rural structural coordination has improved, and the characteristics of spatial agglomeration are significant. The high-level coordination areas are mainly distributed in the northeastern and south-central regions of the three provinces of Northeast China. The low-level coordination areas are mainly distributed near central cities and urban agglomerations. The central cities are the main area where the element resources are concentrated, and the level of urban-rural structural coordination is low. 2) The spatial pattern of the change rate of each index presents the distribution characteristics of "point-shaped and facial agglomeration". The evolution type of economic structure and factor structure is mainly growth type, the evolution type of public service structure is mainly decreasing type, and the evolution of social structure has obvious inter provincial differences. 3) The improvement of the coordination of economic structure and public service structure, and the decrease of the coordination of factor structure and social structure can promote the economic growth. The improvement of the coordination of urban-rural structure, economic structure and public service structure has a positive spillover effect. 4) The impact of the evolution of urban-rural structure on economic growth has the characteristics of regional heterogeneity. Different regions should formulate differentiated urban and rural development policies according to the actual level of economic and social development.

Key words: urban-rural structure, economic growth effect, spatial econometric model, spillover effect, the three provinces of Northeast China

CLC Number: 

  • F291.3