SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2023, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (4): 690-698.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2023.04.012

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Examining the correlation between different types of victimization experience and fear of crime in Guangzhou

Gu Jie1(), Song Guangwen2()   

  1. 1. Laboratory of Key Technologies of Digital Urban-Rural Spatial Planning of Hunan Province, College of Architecture & Urban Planning, Hunan City University, Yiyang 413000, Hunan, China
    2. Center of GeoInformatics for Public Security, School of Geography and Remote Sensing, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2022-03-20 Revised:2022-06-10 Accepted:2022-12-19 Online:2023-04-30 Published:2023-04-20
  • Contact: Song Guangwen E-mail:gujie198410@sina.com;songgwen@gzhu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42171218);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41901177);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42001171);Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province(2019A1515011065)

Abstract:

Fear of crime is one of the important factors affecting residents' subjective well-being and life satisfaction, so it has been widely concerned by academic circles. There are five classic theoretical models to explain people's fear of crime: victimization model, vulnerability model, disorder model, collective efficacy model and neighborhood policing model. However, is the correlation between fear of crime and criminal experience different between eastern and western cultures? Is the relationship between different types of victimization and crime fear significant? Whether the type of community has an impact on residents' fear of crime? To answer these questions, we adopted social ecological analysis method, conducted principal component analysis and community clustering based on six census data, and identified the types and characteristics of all communities in Guangzhou. Based on the method of stratified sampling, 74 typical communities in Guangzhou were selected for this study, and 1568 questionnaires were collected through household survey. The results showed that the respondents with crime victimization experience had higher fear of crime than those without. In the 12 indicators related criminal experience, 5 indicators have a significant positive correlation with crime fear. According to the ratio from large to small, they are the pickpocketing experience, the burglary experience, the crime victims of relatives and friends in the bus and subway as well as in other public places and the pickpocketing happened in the community. Among the 5 indicators of individual attributes, only education level has a significant negative correlation with fear of crime, while gender, age, marital status and family income are not significant. In addition, different types of communities have different effects on the respondents' fear of crime. That is to say, after controlling the covariates, the fear of crime levels of residents in middle-income community, non-aging suburban community, aging suburban community, migrant community, low-rent housing community and affordable housing community are significantly higher than those in high-end community, further indicating that the study of crime fear should pay attention to the influence of social spatial differentiation.

Key words: fear of crime, victimization model, different types of crimes, community type

CLC Number: 

  • K901