SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (9): 1025-1032.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2014.09.1025

• Orginal Article •     Next Articles

Spatial Pattern of Chinese Tourism Development Based on Different Spatio-temporal Scales

Ye-lin FANG1(), Zhen-fang HUANG2(), Kun WANG2,3, Bi-fan CAI2,4   

  1. 1. School of Business, Anhui University, Hefei, Anhui 230039, China
    2.College of Geographic Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210023, China
    3. School of History Culture and Tourism, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221116, China
    4. School of Tourism and Health, Zhejiang Agriculture and Forestry University, Lin’an, Zhejiang 311300, China
  • Received:2013-03-14 Revised:2013-05-20 Online:2014-09-10 Published:2014-09-10


By taking the panel data in Chinese mainland from 1996 to 2010 for an example, this article uses the methods of ESDA, gravity center and standard deviation ellipse to analyze the spatial differences of tourism development in 31 regions of China. Finally, along with the impulse response function, it proposes the influences mechanism of spatial evolution. The results show that, the provincial tourism economy generally performances a random spatial distribution situation and the spatial differences have narrowed from 1996 to 2010. The differences of tourism development in the east of China are the largest, and differences of the middle of China are the smallest. The gravity center of Chinese provincial tourism has shifted to the northwest, the High-High district totally concentrated in Changjiang River Delta and its surroundings, the Low-Low district totally concentrated in the west of Chinese. The high-value areas of city tourism economy are broadly distributed in the right of line ‘Heihe-Tengchong’, mainly concentrated in 4 groups: 1) Bohai economic circle, including Beijing, Tianjin, Liaodong peninsula and Shandong peninsula, 2) the Changjiang River Delta economic circle and its surroundings, 3) the Zhujiang River Delta, Hainan island and its surroundings, 4) the Chengdu-Chongqing economic circle and its surroundings. It can be founded by comparative analysis in different spatio-temporal scale that the Changjiang River Delta, the Zhujiang River Delta, Beijing-Tianjin area and the Chengdu-Chongqing economic circle as well as its surroundings are the four most developed areas of Chinese tourism economy. From 1996 to 2010, the mainland’s tourism economy has been significantly improved, and generally shows a random spatial distribution. The difference of provincial tourism development totally has decreased, but that of cities has increased more significantly. Regional tourism resources and socio-economic factors are the two major factors to influence the spatial differences of tourism economy, and the objective rule and policy and institution also have a great impact on regional tourism development differences. Special events may have a certain impact on the pattern of the original; however, it cannot change the spatial pattern completely. This article only selects the time section from 1996 to 2010, other times whether like this or not still needs further study, but this research is consistent with the actual situation. Long time and multiple indexes are still a direction in the future research of spatial differences about tourism economy. It employs the qualitative and quantitative methods to analyze the mechanism of spatial differences of tourism economy, but how to quantity these factors, such as policy, institution, traffic mode et al, and how to reveal the depth impact mechanism are still need further exploring.

Key words: tourism economy, ESDA, impulse response

CLC Number: 

  • F592.99