SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (12): 1445-1452.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2014.012.1445

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Exploring Urban Migrate Intention of Rural Residents in Traditional Agricultural Area Undertaking Urbanization Process: Based on Questionnaire Data of Zhoukou, Henan

Li-wei WANG1(), Chang-chun FENG1(), Shun-cai XU2   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Science of Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2. China Academy of Urban Planning and Design, Beijing 100037, China
  • Received:2013-10-01 Revised:2014-03-02 Online:2014-12-10 Published:2014-12-10

Abstract:

:Rural-to-urban migration has been research hotspots since the 1950s. Perspectives of migration research diversify from econometric model to application of social theory during the last sixty years. Most of researches focus on regional migration and migrant workers′integration into urban life from city perspective.Up to now, few studies pay attention to rural residents′intention of migrating to towns. Recently the "new-type national urbanization plan (2014-2020)" reemphasizes on people-oriented basic urbanization ideas. In the realistic context of difficult integration of floating population into the city, increasing value of agricultural land and added assets, increasing volume of agricultural land transfer of use right, it is of great significance to analyze rural residents′ migration intention and its influencing factors from a bottom-up perspective. It also has far-reaching influence for the potentiality of future urbanization and the choice of urbanization path. In this article,Zhoukou in Henan Province is taken as a research example, rural residents′intention of migrating to town and its influencing factors are analyzed. Logit econometric model is utilized to study the influences on rural residents′migration intention of rural residents′attributes and comprehensive evaluation of urban environment. Altogether 514 questionnaires samples were collected from 17 traditional agricultural villages distributed in 10 administrative unit of county level.There are two important findings: 1) There is an obvious relationship between rural residents′ attributes and migration intention. The results show that three groups are more inclined to migrate to town, who are under 40, graduated from high school ortechnical school and have annual income over 30000 RMBS.2) The satisfaction evaluation of urban comprehensive environment has a strong influence onrural residents’ migration intention. Teach quality,consumption service andemployment opportunities of urban environmental factors are more important to rural residents than medical care and urban appearance.Finally, the following suggestions helpful to promote traditional agricultural areas′sustainable urbanization process are given according to rural residents′migration influencing factors.1) Promoting those urban functions of education quality, business services and employment opportunities to create a more attractive environment for rural residents′ settlement in towns.2)Strengthening rural residents′ training of technical skills and improve their ability to afford the cost of urban life.3) Improving the institutional environment to push forward rural residents′ migration into towns, such as hukou system, family planning, rural land transfer, housing security and public services.4) Improving the invest and life environment to attract those migrant workers′ returning and starting ventures to enhance the degree of local urbanization; 5) Choosing suburban locations as ideal places for constructing new rural communities to guide rural residents′ smooth local urbanization.

Key words: rural resident, urbanization migration intention, Logit model, Zhoukou, Henan

CLC Number: 

  • F291