SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (2): 242-248.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.02.010

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Characteristics and the Contribution Rate of Its Economy and Employment of Yunnan’s Exports to ASEAN

Zhipeng Tang1,2,3(), Jialing Zou1,4, Wei Sun1,3()   

  1. 1. Institute of Geography Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Collaborative Innovation Center for Geopolitical Setting of Southwest China and Borderland Development, Kunming 650500, Yunnan,China
    3. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    4. The Smart City Research Institute of China Electronics Technology Group Corporation,Shenzhen,518040,Guangdong,China
  • Received:2017-02-03 Revised:2017-07-15 Online:2018-04-10 Published:2018-04-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41771135), Foundation of Collaborative Innovation Center for Geopolitical Setting of Southwest China and Borderland Development


Yunnan Province is located in the frontier of Southwest China, which borders on Vietnam, Myanmar and Laos. Since the agreement of Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Co-operation Between the People’s Republic of China and the Association of South East Asian Nations, the trade relationship between Yunnan Province and the ASEAN plays an important role in the development of Yunnan Province. With “the Belt and Road” moves on, the trade relationship between Yunnan Province and the ASEAN would further intimate, while its export characteristics have also undergone tremendous changes. By using data from Customs and statistical yearbook, and with the help of related trade index and input-output method, this article analyzes export characteristics between Yunnan Province and the ASEAN. The result shows: the trade dependence between Yunnan and the ASEAN has been significantly enhanced, while Yunnan’s export trade to countries of the ASEAN is geographically unbalanced. Yunnan's export trade to the ASEAN has upgraded, from minerals-, chemical products-oriented to agricultural products-, electronic manufacturing products-oriented. As Yunnan Province’s export to ASEAN, agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery products had the strongest economic and employment effects, it can be argued that Yunnan’s export products upgrading can alleviate the employment problem, while promoting industrial transformation to technology-intensive industries. Under the research result, we take some advises that: firstly, ASEAN countries has a high economy growth rate, and Yunnan Province should be closer to ASEAN in the trade, especially to Vietnam etc.; Secondly, Yunnan Province should continue to promote the upgrading of export products for ASEAN steadily, especially for light industrial products to ensure the economic growth and employment growth incurred by the export; Thirdly, Yunnan Province should take “the Belt and Road” opportunities to increase its trade with ASEAN fully, and help to develop its economy. However, “the Burmese conflict” and other incidents would hinder the trade between Yunan and ASEAN, and China should offer some help for solving regional conflicts, which would help to build stronger trade relationship between Yunnan and ASEAN.

Key words: Yunnan, the association of South East Asian Nations(ASEAN), export, employment contribution rate

CLC Number: 

  • F129.9