SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (5): 675-684.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2020.05.001

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The Evolution Mode of China’s HSR-air Competitive Network and Its Driving Factors

Wang Jiao’e1,2(), Jing Yue3, Yang Haoran4,5   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling/Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. Chengdu Institute of Planning & Design, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan, China
    4. The Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    5. School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
  • Received:2019-09-12 Revised:2019-11-25 Online:2020-05-10 Published:2020-08-18
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41722103);Shanghai Pujiang Program(2019PJC034)


With the rapid parallel development of high-speed rail and air transportation, the HSR-air competitive network has undergone great changes. Using the data of city pairs with both air and HSR service in the period of 2007-2015, this article explores the evolution of spatio-temporal pattern of HSR-Air competitive network at the national scale, and then reveals its expansion mode as well as the main driving factors. The results are as following: 1) The HSR-air competitive network grows rapidly in size. Spatially, while a tendency of expanding westward and southward is manifested, the overlapping market of 2 transportation modes still focuses on the eastern coastal region. 2) The city-pairs with potential HSR-Air competition are inclined to link the top city nodes, and the HSR-air competitive network presents a hierarchical structure with Beijing and Shanghai as centers. 3) The overlapping market of HSR and air transportation expands from city-pairs with medium distance to long distance. HSR dominates city-pairs with distance below 700 km and has relative advantage in the range of 700 to 1 000 km compared to air transportation. While air transportation dominates city-pairs with distance over 1 500 km. The competition between HSR and air transportation intensifies in the range of 1 000-1 500 km. 4) The HSR-air competitive network has shown a “core-core” pattern in the early period and then grows to a “core-periphery” pattern later. City size, urban function as well as geographical proximity are main factors for shaping the HSR-air overlapping network.

Key words: high-speed rail, air aviation, geography, competition, inter-city transport

CLC Number: 

  • K902