SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (8): 1310-1318.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2020.08.010

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Spatial Differentiation and the Forming Factors of Sports and Leisure Characteristic Towns Under the Background of Industry Convergence

Wang Zhaofeng(), Liu Qingfang()   

  1. Tourism College of Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, Hunan, China
  • Received:2019-03-29 Online:2020-08-10 Published:2020-12-07
  • Contact: Liu Qingfang E-mail:jdwzf@126.com;m13155029850@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41771162, 41971188), Key Foundation of Outstanding Talents Support Program of Anhui Province Universities (gxgwfx2019058), Construction Program for First Class Disciplines of Hunan Province, China (5010002)

Abstract:

Sports and leisure characteristic town is a spatial development platform of sports industry supported by sports industry and built with sports and leisure as the theme. GIS spatial analysis is used to explore the spatial differentiation characteristics of sports and leisure characteristic towns, and the dominant forming factors of spatial differentiation of sports and leisure characteristic towns are identified by means of Stepwise Regression Analysis. The results show that: 1) The Nearest Neighbor Index of sports and leisure characteristic towns is 0.77, which shows significant spatial agglomeration characteristics of sports and leisure characteristic towns. The towns are mainly distributed in Beijing City, Hebei Province and Hubei Province, with a spatial distribution pattern of “more in the south, less in the north, more in the east, and less in the west”. 2) The national Geographic Concentration Index is 20.07%, which is smaller than that in the eastern, the central and the western regions and shows obvious local concentration. The Imbalance Index is 0.17, and the number of sports and leisure characteristic towns in the eastern region, which is the most concentrated distribution, accounts for 47.92% of the country. 3) The sports and leisure characteristic towns in China are mainly distributed in the urban agglomerations in the Bohai Rim Region, the Pan Yangtze River Delta and the middle reaches of the Yangtze River. 4) Policy environment, tourism economy development level, sports industry demonstration units and sports industry demonstration projects become the leading factors influencing the spatial differentiation of sports and leisure characteristic towns in China.

Key words: industry convergence, sports and leisure characteristic towns, Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis (ESDA), spatial differentiation, forming factor

CLC Number: 

  • K901.6