GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH ›› 2009, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (4): 968-978.doi: 10.11821/yj2009040011

• Urban and Rural Studies • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Cultural landscape evolution of cluster agricultural village: The case of Yukou village in Shandong province

FANG Yan-gang, LIU Ji-sheng   

  1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
  • Received:2008-09-12 Revised:2008-12-10 Online:2009-07-25 Published:2009-07-25
  • Supported by:

    东北师范大学校内青年基金项目(20070501),国家自然科学基金重点项目( 40635030)。

Abstract:

In the advancing process of New Countryside Construction, agricultural villages will become the cruces and nodus. Owing to the representative and demonstration of its rural cultural landscape, cluster agricultural villages deserve to be studied. Taking a case study of Yukou Village, Shangdong Province, this paper discovers that the cultural landscape of cluster agricultural village has approximately changed over three stages since the reform and opening-up. Its settlement evolution has gone through three stages-mechanical expansion, sprawling expansion & hollowizing, and refilling & recentralization. The landscape evolution of its folk house has undergone three phases-traditional quadrangle, one-storied flattop and multistoried building. The landscape evolution of its land use has experienced three stages-circled stratification, fragment & intensive cultivation, and concentration together with extensive cultivation. The short-term cultural landscape evolution of cluster agricultural village is primarily influenced by human factors. The macro-scoped factors include urban-rural relation, national economic development and modernization, system of family planning and farmland usufruct, and governmental policies. Concretely, the evolution of rural settlement is affected by demographic characteristics, planning, management, economic and social development, cultural ideas, and agricultural structure. The production ways of agriculture and the natural environment are the basic factors affecting the evolution of folk house. However the influences of household income (especially non-farming income) and demand, socio-cultural idea and mind, and architectural technology increased gradually with the economic and social development. Agricultural land use is restricted by natural factors. The short-term driving factors of its evolution include the distance to village, the construction of production facilities, the land system, and the profit changes of different land-use types. In the future, the recentralization of settlements will become the trend; the folk house will show a harmonious development including modernization, ecological trend, and individualization; scaled, intensive, and sustainable land use are likely to be the trend.

Key words: agricultural village, cluster village, rural cultural landscape, landscape evolution, sustainable development, Yukou village, Shandong province