Tourisim Land Use Change and Its Eco-environmental Impacts

  • 1. School of Geography and Planning, SUN Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510275;
    2. Management Department, Guangdong Women’s Polytechnic College, Guangzhou, Guangdong 511450

Received date: 2008-06-10

  Revised date: 2008-11-01

  Online published: 2009-03-20


Land use/land cover changes(LUCC) and its environmental effects are being paid more and more attention. Any LUCC is related to a certain environmental consequence. The tourism land use change and its eco-environmental impacts appeared in more and more studies since the 1930s.In this paper, the domestic and international research progress and problem in theories, perspectives, method and practices of tourism land use change and its eco-environmental impacts were summarized based on a lot of readings on litteratures. Foreign scholars fristly studied on the seaside resort patterns and made some major theoretical achievements,which includes morphology model of British coastal resort in 18th century, coastal urbarnization model, and integrated coastal resort model.In processes and mechanism of tourism land use, Clawson and others raised the three layer model surrounding the metropolitan in trveling and entertaining land use. Landscape scholar of the former Soviet Union riased "polarization biosphere"model, while Greer T and Wall G proposed the general pattern of entertaining land use with the departure of the distance change. Some success has been achieved in processes and mechanism of the spaical form change in RBD and ReBAM at home. As the complexity of the change process and mechanisms and its impact on the environment of the tourism land use, the results of research are not many at present.As a place for tourist activiting, the tourism land impact on the environment, on the one hand, on the the tourist land through the tourist activities. The activities of the length of time, scope, intensity of space-time change will cause different environmental effect; On the other hand, due to the factor change of regional tourist land formation and evolution, the regional tourist land area, shape, type, features will be changed in time and space, which have an impact on the regional environment.The current study focused on the former, namely: after the natural land becomed the tourist land, the natural environment was impacted by tourist activities(which are mainly trampling and trail-building camp), a comprehensive and systematic study on the tourism land use change and its eco-environmental impacts are not involved. More researches are a case study, which based evidence. The specific methods include: field investigation, simulation and long-term monitoring.Field investigation has been used commonly, particularly in the form changes of the tourist land use, the environmental impact of the building of the camp, travel and track. The simulation method is used in dynamic evolution of tourist land, and the environmental impact from stampeding on tourist land.As a result of long-terms difficulty to obtain long-term monitoring data, monitoring is rarely applied.Abroad, 3S technology has been widely used in the tourism environmental impact.In China, study is usually made on the basis of socio-economic statistics, environmental monitoring data, and the field investigation, which lack the widespread application in new technology. There are also inadequate in dynamic change model construction, not comprehensive in time and space scales, weakeness in Process and mechanism and lacking of dynamic monitoring of envirionmental date. The future the main directions are pointed as follows: the dynamic simulation of the space-time mechanism on the tourist land use change; the quantitative evaluation of the eco-environment of the tourist land use change; monitoring and forecast of the eco-environmental impacts of the tourism land use change.

Cite this article

ZHAO Ying-xue, DONG Yu-xiang . Tourisim Land Use Change and Its Eco-environmental Impacts[J]. SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA, 2009 , 29(2) : 294 -299 . DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2009.02.294


[1] Gilbert E W.TheGrowthofBrighton[J].The Geographical Journal,1949,114(1):30-52.
[2] 刘 俊,保继刚.综合型海滨度假区形态规划研究[J].热带地理,2007,27(4):369~374.
[3] Smith R A.Beach resorts:a model of development evolution [J].Landscape and Urban Planning, 1991,21(3):189-210.
[4] Smith R A.Review of integrated beach resort development in southeast Asia[J].Land UsePolicy,1992,9(3):209-217.
[5] Stansfield C A.Recreational land use patterns within an American seaside resort [J].Tourist Review,1969,24(4):128-136.
[6] 保继刚,刘 俊.三亚海滨度假区形态研究——以亚龙湾、大东海、海坡为例[J].城市规划学刊,2007,167(1):19~22.
[7] 潘丽丽,徐红罡.广东旅游度假地空间分布特征及其发展趋势[J].地域研究与开发,2005,24(2); 66~70.
[8] 陶 伟,黄荣庆.城市游憩商业区空间结构的发展演变及其相关影响因素研究——以广州为例[J]. 人文地理,2006,89(3):10~13.
[9] 张 红.大城市环城旅游带旅游开发与土地利用研究——以西安市为例.陕西师范大学,2004.
[10] Greer T, Wall G. Recreational hinterlands:a theoretical and empirical analysis. In Wall(ed), Recreational Land Use in Southern Ontario.Department of Geography Publication Series No.14, University of Waterloo.1979.
[11] 保继刚,古诗韵.广州城市游憩商业区(RBD)的形成与发展[J].人文地理,2002,17(5):1~6.
[12] 吴必虎.大城市环城旅游带研究——以上海市为例[J].地理科学,2001,21(4):354~359.
[13] 苏 平,党 宁,吴必虎.北京市环城游憩带旅游地类型与空间结构特征研究[J].地理研究,2004,23(3): 403~410.
[14] Hans Prechtl.The impact of a tropical holiday resort on its environment: The example of Diani Beach in Kenya[J]. Tourism Review,1983,38(4):16-18
[15] Ben Henry.The environmental impact of tourism in Jamaica[J].Tourism Review,1988,43(2):16-19.
[16] Deluca T H,Patterson W A,Freimund W A,et al.Influence of animals,horses,and hikers on soil erosion from established recreation trails in western Montana,USA[J].Environmental Management,1998,22(2):255-262.
[17] Andres-Abellan M,Alamo J B,Landete-Castillejos T,et al.Impacts of visitors on soil and vegetation of the recreational area"Nacimiento Del RfoMundo"[J].Environmental Monitoringand Assessment,2005,101(1):55-67.
[18] Page, Rosamonde Ellen. Effects of land-use patterns and land ownership on biodiversity in the natural areas of the Niagara Escarpment World Biosphere Reserve.Mas.thesis. University of Windsor, Canada, 2003.
[19] 石 强.旅游开发利用对张家界国家森林公园自然生态环境的影响及对策研究.北京林业大学,2000.
[20] Page, Rosamonde Ellen. Effects of land-use patterns and land ownership on biodiversity in the natural areas of the Niagara Escarpment World Biosphere Reserve.Mas. thesis. University of Windsor, Canada, 2003.
[21] Glennon, Michale Jeanne, Effects of land use management on biotic integrity in the Adirondack Park, New York. PHD thesis, State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry, 2002.
[22] Stephen I.J.Smith.游憩地理学:理论与方法[M].吴必虎译.高等教育出版杜,1992.
[23] Ali MM,Murphy K J.Interrelations of river ship traffic with aquatic plants in the River Nile,Upper Egypt[J].Hydrobiologia,1999,415(1):93-100.
[24] Cole D N,Monz C A.Spatial patterns of recreational impact on experimental campsites[J].Journal of Environmental Management,2004,70(3):73-84.
[25] Marion J L,Cole D N.Spatial and temporal variation in soil and vegetation impacts on campsites[J].Ecological Applications,1996,6(2):520-530.
[26] 蒋文举,朱联锡,李 静,等.旅游对峨眉山生态环境的影响及保护对策[J].环境科学,1996,17(3):49~53.
[27] 陆 林.旅游的区域环境效应研究——安徽黄山市实证分析[J].中国环境科学,1996,16(6):418~420.
[28] 王宪礼,朴正吉,孙永平,等.长白山生物圈保护区旅游的环境影响研究[J].生态学杂志,1999,18(3):46~53.
[29] 俞穆清,朱颜明,田 卫,等.长白山国家级自然保护区旅游与环境可持续发展研究[J].地理科学,1999,19(2):189~192.
[30] 程占红,张金屯,上官铁梁,等.芦芽山自然保护区旅游开发与植被环境的关系Ⅱ:旅游影响系数及指标分析[J].生态学报,2003,23(4):703~711.
[31] 陈 飙,杨桂华.旅游者践踏对生态旅游景区土壤影响定量研究——以香格里拉碧塔海生态旅游景区为例[J].地理科学,2004,24(3):372~376.
[32] 石 强,吴章文,贺庆棠.旅游开发利用对张家界国家森林公园大气质量影响的综合评价[J].北京林业大学学报,2002,24(4):25~28.
[33] 邓金阳,吴云华,全 龙.张家界国家森林公园游憩冲击的调查评估[J].中南林学院学报,2000,20(1):40~45.
[34] 李 贞,保继刚,覃朝锋.旅游开发对丹霞山植被的影响研究[J].地理学报,1998,53(6):554~561.
[35] 巩 劼,陆 林.旅游环境影响研究进展与启示[J].自然资源学报,2007,22(4):545~556.
[36] Quinn N W,Morgan R P C.Simulation of soil erosion induced by human trampling[J].Journal of Environmental Management,1979,10(1):155-165.
[37] Cole D N.Vegetational changes associated with recreational use and fire suppression in the Eagle Cap Wilderness, Oregon: Some management implications[J].Biological Conservation,1981,20(4):247-270.
[38] Cole D N.Environmental impacts of outdoor recreation in wildlands.In:Manfredo M J,Vaske J J,Bruyere B L,et al.Society and Natural Resources: A Summary of Knowledge[M].Jefferson:Modern Litho,2004.107-116.