Measurement and Analysis of Scale Adjustment of School System and Features of Spatial Evolution:A Case Study of Ordinary Senior High Schools in Nanjing,China

  • 1. College of Resources and Environmental Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, 200062, China;
    2. School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210046, China;
    3. School of Geography and Environment, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330022, China;
    4. School of Society, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123, China

Received date: 2010-10-15

  Revised date: 2011-06-22

  Online published: 1997-12-20


By making use of the measurement technologies of the scale and geographic space,the analysis on the scale of ordinary senior high schools in Nanjing in 2006 and 2010,which,on the basis of the fractal theory and the accessibility theory,covers the measurement of the scale sequence of school by Hausdorff dimension,the measurement of the correlation of spatial distribution of school by correlation dimension,the measurement of the concentration of spatial distribution of school by cluster dimension,and the measurement of the accessibility of school by the time accessibility technology.It reveals that: 1) in 2006–2010,the scale of ordinary senior high schools in Nanjing shows an enlarging trend,but the scale of school system maintains equilibrium in general with the narrowing scale difference among schools;2) the spatial distribution of schools has a high correlation,and the adjustment of the distribution of schools enhances the spatial correlation of the schools;3) the spatial distribution of the schools is featured with agglomeration effect,and the adjustment of distribution in 2006–2010 leads to the equilibrium(decentralized) trend of the spatial distribution in central city region and agglomeration(concentrated) trend of the spatial distribution in outer suburb;and 4) both in the decentralized school layout in central city region and the concentrated school layout in outer suburb during 5 years,the accessibility to the schools reduces,and the time and cost to the schools generally increase after adjustment.Accordingly,in order to promote the equal access to education,the paper proposes that the Department of Education of China should take further measures during the Twelfth Five-Year Plan(2011–2015),to improve the quality of schools,and make an equilibrium spatial layout of the schools on the premise of more convenience for students,including controlling the unordered growth in school scale,reasonably arranging the school layout so as to improve the accessibility to the schools in various regions,stopping the weak development of schools caused by vicious competition among schools,and taking more measures to promote the equal access to education.

Cite this article

LU Xiao-xu, LU Yu-qi, SHANG Zheng-yong, ZHONG Ye-xi, ZHOU Yong-bo . Measurement and Analysis of Scale Adjustment of School System and Features of Spatial Evolution:A Case Study of Ordinary Senior High Schools in Nanjing,China[J]. SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA, 2011 , 31(12) : 1454 -1460 . DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2011.012.1454


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