Progress and Application Practice in European Polycentric City Region

  • School of Urban Planning and Design, Shenzhen Graduate School of Peking University, Shenzhen, Guangdong 518055

Received date: 2010-12-16

  Revised date: 2011-04-18

  Online published: 1997-12-20


The Polycentric City Region(short for PUR) development has turned out to be the most important issues of European spatial development and planning,and got numerous research achievements under the objective of polycentric development and with the unit of city regions.Polycentricism at metropolitan or regional level comes in many different forms,as illustrated in European Union POLYNET project.PURs all display symptoms of polycentricism,yet their spatial arrangements are vary greatly.Some are characterized by a fairly even distribution of sized cities more or less equally across space(e.g.the Randstad Holland,RhineRuhr,EMR Northern Switzerland),others take the shape of a larger urban agglomeration surrounded by several smaller centers(e.g.the Paris Region,Greater Dublin and South East England),and again others are perhaps best characterized as something in between(Rhine Main and Central Belgium).There existed three modes of polycentric development: centrifugal,incorporation and fusion mode,which can also be regarded as typology of evolutionary mode.The research of PUR emphasized on the relation between morphological polycentricity and functional polycentricy,the investigation on the property features of this kind of space,such as polycentricity,complementary,connectivity,synergy,externalities and geographic range,and on the measurement of the property features above mensioned.There are also existed many problems during the research process on the ambiguity of concepts,limitations of the empirical cases,and local affairs around policy implementation process,which made it be necessary to further promote on the research of PUR theoretical analysis and planning policy.The main contents of the article constituted by the absorption and reflection of European PUR researches.It brought forward the reference and inspiration about Chinese city clustering regions research on strengthening the research of city clustering regions,intensifying the quantitative empirical analyses of PUR property features,and absorbing key ideas in European PUR research and planning based on the introduction and review of the research background,property features,quantitative measurement and planning applications of European PURs.

Cite this article

MA Xue-guang, LI Gui-cai . Progress and Application Practice in European Polycentric City Region[J]. SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA, 2011 , 31(12) : 1423 -1429 . DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2011.012.1423


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