Ecological Carrying Capacity of 31 Provinces Based on Improved Ecological Footprint Model

  • 1. Institute of Regional & Urban Economics, Renmin University of China, Beijing, 100872, China;
    2. Guanghua School of Management, Peking University, Beijing, 100872, China

Received date: 2010-11-03

  Revised date: 2011-05-12

  Online published: 1997-09-20


During the process of regional industrial transfer and industrial restructuring, the evolution of regional industrial structure sharply contradicts with decreasing of resources and lowing of environmental carrying capacity because of lacking industrial economic and ecological efficiency from the overall view. The pollution was transferred from the developed regions to the developing regions caused by the transfer of polluting industries. Similarly, in the process of development and utilization of resources, conspicuous transfer of ecological destruction exists among regions. A province uses a large number of ecological resources, but most of which are likely to rely on imports, in this case, the ecological system of this province has been protected, but the ecological system of provinces which export the resources are under great ecological stress. Through the empirical studies, this paper analyzed and compared the ecological carrying capacity of 31 provinces of China in 2008, based on the improved ecological footprint model, and discussed the problem of transfer of ecological destruction between regions. The empirical analysis shows that the ecological damage transferred clearly among the regions, the ecological system in the eastern region of China has been well protected, while the pressure of ecological system is increasing in the central and western areas of China where export resources. Therefore, the economic development mode for various areas should be further changed, and the the regional policy made by central government should be further improved.

Cite this article

ZHANG Ke-Yun, FU Shuai-Xiong, ZHANG Wen-Bin . Ecological Carrying Capacity of 31 Provinces Based on Improved Ecological Footprint Model[J]. SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA, 2011 , 31(9) : 1084 -1089 . DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2011.09.1084


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