Spatial Match Between Employment and Housing in Wuhu City, Anhui Province of China

  • College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, Anhui 241003, China

Received date: 2010-10-08

  Revised date: 2011-04-27

  Online published: 1997-07-20


Employment and housing space are two major functional zones in city.The spatial relationship between them affects traffic flow, commuting distance and cost directly.Meanwhile, it is also an important factor that affected the city layout.So it draws more scholars’attention.At abroad, scholars undertake researches from the aspects of urban spatial structure and the relationship between each core elements, spatial match between employment and housing space, the evaluation of urban comprehensive effect and so on.At home, scholars began this research from the late 1980s.Their research contents mainly focus on the influence of the match between employment and housing space to the traffic, the spatial pattern of employment-housing influencing the problem of urban employment, the spatial organization of employment-housing and the development mode of urban land, spatial mismatch issues and so on.The research areas are mainly concentrated in first-level cities, but rarely in the medium-sized cities which are in rapid growth stage on the central and western China.As one of the core cities along the Changjiang River in Anhui Province exerting industrial transfer, and an A-class port city in China with National Economic and Technical Development Zone, Wuhu City is a very typical medium-sized city.The city scale expanded rapidly in the past decade, whose adjustment of urban functional partition has been strengthened, and the boundary between each function is more clear.The urban residents’demand of housing construction is more urgently in Wuhu City, consequently, its urban land increases nervously, house prices ascendes gradually, and urban traffic pressure emerges.So it is particularly essential to study the spatial match between employment and housing.This paper uses deviation index to analyze the changing characteristics of spatial match between employment and housing from the macroscopic level in Wuhu City.At the same time, the urban residents’commuting time, distance, mode and cost are analyzed from microscopic level based on the survey data from questionnaires.The results indicate that:1) the employment and housing spatial match degree tends to decline; 2) services employment is the leading function in core area, and manufacturing employment in the northern Wuhu and living in the southern Wuhu, which brings residents and employed population flowed from different districts; 3) the average commuting distance and time is about 4 km and 25 min, and residents always choose electric car or bus; and 4) at present, the satisfaction degree of the residents about employment and housing spatial match is reasonable, but still needs to improve.

Cite this article

JIAO Hua-Fu, HU Jing . Spatial Match Between Employment and Housing in Wuhu City, Anhui Province of China[J]. SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA, 2011 , 31(7) : 788 -793 . DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2011.07.788


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