Spatial Patterns of City in Anhui Province Based on Gravity Model

  • 1. College of Territorial Resource and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, Anhui 241003, China;
    2. Institute of Urban and Regional Economics, Anhui University of Finance and Economics, Bengbu, Anhui 233041, China;
    3. Department of Land Information Engineering, Chuzhou University, Chuzhou, Anhui 239000, China

Received date: 2010-06-20

  Revised date: 2011-01-20

  Online published: 2011-05-20


With the development of industrialization and informatization, not only the cities have been in a giant change, but also its spatial pattern has experienced the complicated and profound change. Based on the hypothesis of closed features of urban systems and linear two-way flow between the elements of the cities, according to the theory of gravity model, this paper brings forward a formula of gravity and fracture point based on the analysis and calculation of gravity and fracture point of 17 cities in Anhui Province. This paper reaches a conclusion that there is a growing trend of urban agglomerations in Anhui Province, in which its capital city—Hefei has become a regional center. This research shows that the locking and shielding effects has emerged between the cities in Anhui Province, resulting in accelerating tendency of center-deviated and imbalance of spatial distribution in the development of cites in Anhui Province, in which there is a huge difference between the dense eastern parts and western parts. Furthermore, this paper deduces some enlightening guidance and makes some suggestions: 1) the center-city-based urban spatial pattern should be established; 2) relying on the center-city, the strategy implementation of coordinated and jointed developments should be put into practice as soon as possible; 3) the infrastructure construction, especially urban transport system, should be paid more attention to; and 4) the government should play a leading role in the future spatial development. In the near future, with the implementation of the series of strategic measures and improvement of transport facilities, urban system in Anhui Province is further improved to be more rational pattern of urban spatial patterns.

Cite this article

ZHU Dao-Cai, LU Lin, JIN Xiu-Long, CAI Shan-Zhu . Spatial Patterns of City in Anhui Province Based on Gravity Model[J]. SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA, 2011 , 31(5) : 551 -556 . DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2011.05.551


[1] 姚士谋,陈振光,朱英明.中国城市群[M].合肥:中国科学技术大学出版社,2006:4~10
[2] Haggett P. Locational Analysis in Human Geography[M]. London:Edward Arnold,1965:2-7.
[3] MorrilL R L. The Spatial Organization of Society[M].Belmont California: Wadsworth (2nd edition),1970:3
[4] Cox K R. American geography: Social science emergent [J].Social Science Quarterly, 1976, (57): 182-207
[5] 陆大道.区域发展及其空间结构[M].北京:科学出版社,1995:18~19
[6] Foust T B, Desouza A R. The Economic Landscape: A Theoritical Introduction[M]. Ohio: A Bell & Howell Company Press,1978:3
[7] Joseph A Schumpeter. History of Economic Analysis [M]. New York: Oxford University Press,1954:214
[8] 陆大道.区位论及区域研究方法[M].北京:科学出版社,1988:40~98
[9] Dymski G A. On Krugman's model of Economic Geography[J]. Geofrum ,1996,27(4):439-452
[10] 陈彦光,刘继生.基于引力模型的城市相互关联和功率谱分析[J].地理研究,2002,21(11):742~752
[11] Reilly W J. The Law of Retail Gravity (Second Edition) [M].New York: Pilsbury Publishers,1953:5
[12] 尹虹潘.对城市吸引区范围界定的理论分析[J]. 财经研究,2005,(11):108~114
[13] 周一星.城市地理学[M].北京:商务出版社,1995:368~370
[14] 安徽省人民政府.安徽60年[Z].北京:中国统计出版社,2009
[15] 安徽省统计局,国家统计局安徽调查总队.安徽统计年鉴(2010)[Z].北京:中国统计出版社,2010
[16] 安徽省及周边地区公路里程地图册[Z].北京:地质出版社,2010
[17] 关 颖,曹有挥,梁双波.安徽省运输联系空间格局演化与经济发展的关系分析[J].世界地理研究,2007,16(1):76~82