Spatial Pattern of Employment Structure of Changchun City in Transformation Era

  • College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, Jilin 130024, China

Received date: 2010-07-08

  Revised date: 2011-01-05

  Online published: 2011-05-20


Taking the blocks and townships as the basic units, this paper focuses on the spatial pattern of employment structure of Changchun City in the transforming period, using the data of the fifth national population census in 2000 and employing the methods of Factor Analysis and Cluster Analysis. The author arrived some conclusions. Firstly, it is not obviously separated between residential area and working space at the given historical context. Secondly, based on the Factor Analysis, educational level, ordinary income groups, the proportion of non-native population and sex differentiation level are the main factors, which mostly influenced the employment's spatial pattern in Changchun. Thirdly, based on the results of Cluster Analysis, Changchun employment area can be divided into six types, which include mixed employment areas, traditional industrial areas, technology education concentration areas, logistics industry concentration areas, agriculture-based outer suburbs and emerging industry concentration areas. These employment areas make up three kind of spatial structure patterns, that are single-core pattern, circle-type hybrid pattern, and integrated fan-shaped sector pattern.

Cite this article

CHEN Chun-Lin, MEI Lin, LIU Ji-Sheng, HAN Yang . Spatial Pattern of Employment Structure of Changchun City in Transformation Era[J]. SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA, 2011 , 31(5) : 581 -588 . DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2011.05.581


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