Theory of Global City and Establishment of Chinese Global City

  • Department of Geographical Science, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510006

Received date: 2006-06-17

  Revised date: 2006-12-14

  Online published: 2007-07-20


The paper reviews global city theory with some comments and examines the establishment of Chinese global city.First,the paper traces the history and analyses the paradigm of global city theory:Peter Hall is regarded as early pioneer of modern study of global city,the world city hypothesis created by John Friedmann is of great significance in the study of global city theory,Sassen has established a new view by case study of great city in the world,such as London,New York,Tokyo.The study of global city has turned to the paradigm of interaction of local and globalization from Maxims of political economics.Second,the paper reviews the main division patterns of world city system and gives some comments.World city hypothesis give a skeleton of world city,but lack the case study.Sassen failed to gave the division pattern of world city,but with her ideas of producer service as an important dynamics,Taylor and Walker give their division pattern of world city from the view of producer service,though their disadvantage were not located each city in the network of world city.Equipped with the information as the global force,Finnie worked out the division pattern of world city from World Telecom and information,but this may only showed the position of cities in the world of Telecom and information.Smith and Timberlake tried to identify the world city in the economic networks of cities in the world,but they just used the air passage to survey the connection of cites,the result may just reflected the city importance in the airline.Abrahamson established the world city pattern using the synthesized index of culture and economy,which may more show the nature of world city system.Nowadays,world city system studies have tended to use synthesized indexes of culture and economy instead of single one,however,it confronted many difficulties,such as,how to choice indexes to accurately present the nature of world city,how to survey some indexes such as the information and culture,how to evaluate the weight of each index,how to get more data and materials among the cities in the world,all of questions require to be solved in the later study of world city and also show some tendency of study of world city.Lastly,based on retrospect and comments of world city theory,the paper has some suggestions on the establishment of Chinese international or global city.With the development of Chinese economy,entry of WTO,China have speeded up its international urbanization,especially coastal area,government has great passion to establish the global city.It possible to build up the global city in the nesr future in China,but,Chinese global city establishment should rely on Chinese reality,and abide by the law of world city hierarchy,and steadily promote the establishment of global city,so as to display more roles in the world city networks.

Cite this article

LÜ La-Chang . Theory of Global City and Establishment of Chinese Global City[J]. SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA, 2007 , 27(4) : 449 -456 . DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2007.04.449


[1] Sassen S.The global city:strategic site/new frontier. 20sassen.htm.
[2] Hall P.The World Cities[M].London:Heinemann,1966.
[3] Hymer S.The multinational corporation and the law of uneven development[A].In Economics and World Order[C] ,edited by Jagdish N.Bhagwati.New York:Macmillan.1972.113-40.
[4] Feagin J R,Smith M P.Cities and the new international division of labor[A].in M.Smith and J.Feagin(Eds) The Capitalist City[C].London:Basil Blackwell.1987.3-34.
[5] Short J R,Kim Y-H.Globalization and the City[M].Essex:Longman,1999.
[6] Cohen R B.The New International Division of Labor[A] ,Multinational Corporations,and Urban Hierarchy in Urbanization and Urban Planning in Capitalist Society[C] ,edited by Michael Dear and Allen Scott.New York:Methuen.1981.287-315.
[7] Friedmann J.The world city hypothesis[J].Development and Change.1986.17:69-84.
[8] Beaverstock J V,Smith R G.and Taylor,P.J.World city network:new mega geography?[J] Annals,Association of American Geographers.2000,90,123-134.
[9] Tayer P J.Hierarchical tendencies amongst world cities:a global research proposal[J] ,Cities,1997,4,323-332.
[10] Brotchie J,Batty M,Blakely E.Cities in competition[M].Melbourne:Longman.1995.
[11] Daniels P W.Service industries in the world economy[M].Oxford:Blackwell.1993.
[12] Fujita K.A world city and flexible specialization:restructuring of the Tokyo Metropolis[J].International Journal of Urban and Regional Research.1991,15:269-84.
[13] Lo Fu-chen,Yeung Yeu-Man,eds.Globalization and the world of large cities[M].Tokyo:United Nations University Press,1998.
[14] London Planning Advisory Commtittee.London.World City Moving into the 21st Century[R].London:Her Majesty's Stationery Office.1991.
[15] Lyons D,Salmon S.World cities,Multinational Corporations and Urban Hierarchy:the case of the United states[A].In World Cities in a World System[C] ,ed.P.L Knox and P.J.Taylor,1995,98-114.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press.
[16] Meijer M.Growth and Decline of European Cities:Changing Positions of Cities in Europe[J].Urban Studies,1993,30:981-90.
[17] Shacker A.Randstad,Holland:A world City[J].Urban Studies.1994,31:381-400.
[18] Sassen S.Cities in a world economy[M].London:Pine Forge Press.1994.
[19] Castells M.The rise of the network society[M].Oxford:Blackwell.1996.
[20] Taylor P J,Walker D R F.World cities:a first multivariate analysis of their service complexes[J] ,2001,Urban Studies,38(1):23-47.
[21] Beaverstock J,Smith R G,Taylor P.World City network:a new mega geography?[J].Annals of the Association of American Geographers,2000,90 (1):123-234.
[22] Scott A J.Global City-Region[C].Oxford University Press,2001.
[23] Sassen S.The global city[M] ,Princeton University Press,1991.
[24] Abrahamson M.Global cities[M].Oxford University Press,2003:12-13.
[25] Friedmann J.Where we stand:a decade of world city research[A].In World Cities in a World System[C] ,ed.P.L.Knox and P.J.Taylor.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press.1995,21-47.
[26] Smith D.A and Timberlake,M.F.World city networks and Hierarchies,1977-1997[J].The American Behavioral Scientist,2001,44(10),1656-1678.
[27] Castells M.European cities,the informational society,and the global economy[J].New Left Review,1994,204,18-32.
[28] Finnie G.Wired cities,Communications Week International[J] ,1998,18,19-22.
[29] Taylor P J.World City Network.A global urban analysis[M].London:Routledge.2003.
[30] Taylor P J.Regionality in the world city network[J].International Social Science Journal,2004,55 (181),361-372.
[31] Powell W W.Neither market nor hierarchy:network forms of organization[J].Research in Organizational Behavior.1990,12,295-336.
[32] Olds K.Pacific Rim mega-projects and the global cultural economy:tales from Vancouver and Shanghai[D].Department of Geography,University of Bristol.1995.
[33] Simon D.The world city hypothesis:reflections from the periphery[A].In:Knox,P.,Taylor,P.(Eds.),World City in A World-system[C].Cambridge University Press,New York,1995,132-155.
[34] Yeung Y.Geography in the age of Mega-cities,International Social Science Journal[J].1997,151,91-104.
[35] 周一星.新世纪中国国际城市展望[J].管理世界,2000,3:18~25.
[36] 吕拉昌.世界城市体系的形成与中国的国际城市化[J].世界地理研究,2000,9(1):57~61.
[37] 顾朝林,陈璐.全球化与重建国家城市体系的设想[J].地理科学,2005,25(6):641~654.
[38] Taylor P J.Shanghai,Hongkong,Taipei and Beijing within the world city network:position,trends and prospects,GaWC Research Bulletin 204,Http//,2006.
[39] 徐巨洲,我国国际性城市发展的空间有多大[J].城市规划,1995,(3):23~25.