Relationship Between Surface Pollen and Vegetation in Some Shrub Communities of Northern China

  • 1. College of Resources and Environment, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050016;
    2. Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029;
    3. Hebei Geography Institute, Hebei Academy of Sciences, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050011

Received date: 2005-10-27

  Revised date: 2006-02-19

  Online published: 2007-03-20


As one of important vegetation types,shrubs appear widely in different ecological regions.Parts of them have good indication to vegetation or ecological environment,parts of them can indicate the impact of human to vegetation.Now,in China,the area of shrubs has exceeded the forests.There are lots of researches about relationship between modern pollen and vegetation in forests,steppes and deserts,while very few researches about shrubs,so it is very necessary to study more about the relationship between modern pollen and vegetation in shrubs.In this paper,the study on the pollen assemblages for 53 samples in 20 shrub communities in the northern China showed that the pollen percentages for most dominant shrub plants were less than 20%,apart from Artemisia and Hippophae rhamnoides.The pollen assemblages of shrub communities in different ecological areas had obvious differences.The study on the relationship between the pollen percentages and shrub coverage showed that the pollen percentages of Nitraria,Vitex had significant relationship with their parent vegetation coverage,Tamarix,Artemisia have some relationship with their parent plants in certain extent,while the pollen percentages of Spiraea,Caragana,Leguminosae,Chenopodiaceae have no significant relationship with their parent vegetation coverage.The study on pollen indication to vegetation showed that Gleditsia pollen indicated their parent plants very well and is moderate represented type.Some pollen types,such as Sophora,Zygophyllum,Vitex,Tetraena could also indicate their parent plants well,while they are severely under-represented with the R-values less than 0.3;some other pollen types,such as Caragana,Rhamnaceae,Spiraea,Ostryopsis,Corylus,Nitrinia,Tamarix and Salix are also under-represented for the low R-values,however the strong scattering ability of pollen(O-values are higher than 0.5) making them only indicate their parent plants in certain extent.Pollen types such as Hippophae,Artemisia,Chenopodiaceae are over-represented for the high R-values,the strong dispersing ability or high pollen production(R values higher than 1 or O-values are higher than 0.5) also making them only indicate their original plants in certain degree.Pollen types such as Leguminosae and Saxifragaceae have no obvious indication to their parent plants(Ma values are close to Mp values).

Cite this article

LI Yue-Cong, XU Qing-Hai, XIAO Ju-Le, YANG Xiao-Lan, ZHENG Zhen-Hua . Relationship Between Surface Pollen and Vegetation in Some Shrub Communities of Northern China[J]. SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA, 2007 , 27(2) : 205 -210 . DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2007.02.205


[1] 张玉兰,杨永兴.中全新世以来黑龙江同江地区的孢粉组合与植被、气候演化[J].地理科学,2002,22(4):426~429.
[2] 许清海,杨振京,崔之久,等.赤峰地区孢粉分析与先人生活环境初探[J].地理科学,2002,22(4):453~457.
[3] 胡金明,崔海亭,李宜垠.西辽河流域全新世以来人地系统演变历史的重建[J].地理科学,2002,22(5):535~542.
[4] 阎顺,孔昭宸,杨振京,等.东天山北麓2 000多年以来的森林线与环境变化[J].地理科学,2003,23(6):699~704.
[5] 许清海,阳小兰,杨振京,等.孢粉分析定量重建燕山地区5 000年来的气候变化[J].地理科学,2004,24(3):339~345.
[6] 贾玉连,马春梅,朱诚,等.利用封闭湖泊流域进行古降水量重建的历史、现状及未来[J].地理科学,2002,243):376~383.
[7] 韩茂莉.辽代西辽河流域气候变化及其环境特征[J].地理科学,2002,24(3):550~556.
[8] 张俊牌,童敏,王书兵,等.太白山芳香寺剖面孢粉记录的古气候重建[J].地质力学学报,2001,7(4):315~320.
[9] Bonnefille R,Chalié F,Goiot J,et al.Quantitative estimates of full glacial temperatures in equatorial Africa from palynological data[J].Climate Dynamics,1992,6:251-257.
[10] Howe S E,Webb T I.Calibrating pollen data in climatic terms:Improving the method[J].Quaternary Science Review,1983,2:17-51.
[11] 张玉兰,贾丽.上海东部地区晚第四纪沉积的孢粉组合及古环境[J].地理科学,2006,26(2):186~191.
[12] 谢远云,李长安,王秋良,等.江汉平原9.0 ka B.P.以来的气候演化:来自江陵剖面沉积物记录[J].地理科学,2006,26(2):199~204.
[13] 贾铁飞,戴雪荣,张卫国,等全新世巢湖沉积记录及其环境变化意义[J].地理科学,2006,26(6):706~711.
[14] 于澎涛,刘鸿雁.小五台山北台北坡植被垂直带的表土花粉及其气候意义研究[J].北京大学学报,1997,33(4):475~483.
[15] 许清海,李月丛,阳小兰,等.中国北方几种主要森林群落表土花粉组合特征研究[J].第四纪研究,2005,25(5):585~598.
[16] 王琫瑜,宋长青,孙湘君.内蒙古中部表土花粉研究[J].植物学报,1996,38(11):902~909.
[17] 李宜垠,张新时,周广胜,等.中国北方几种常见表土花粉类型与植被的数量关系[J].科学通报,2000,45(7):761~764.
[18] 李月丛,许清海,阳小兰,等.中国草原区主要群落类型花粉组合特征研究[J].生态学报,2005,25(3):555~564.
[19] 翁成郁,孙湘君,陈因硕.西昆仑地区表土花粉组成特征及与植被的数量关系[J].植物学报,1993,35(1):69~79.
[20] Herzschuh U,Kürschner H,Ma Y Z.The surface pollen and relative pollen production of the desert vegetation of the Alashan plateau,western Inner Mongolia[J].Chinese Science Bulletin,2003,48 (14):1488-1493.
[21] Duckworth J C,Bunce R G H,Malloch A J C.Modeling the potential effects of climate change on calcareous grasslands in AtlanticEurope[J].Journal of Biogeography,2000,27 (2):347-358.
[22] Oswald W W,Anderson P M,Brubaker L B,et al.Representation of tundra vegetation by pollen in lake sediments of northern Alaska[J].Journal of Biogeography,2003,30 (4):521-535.
[23] Hicks S.The relationship between climate and annual pollen deposition at northern tree-lines[J].Global Change Science,1999,1(4):403-416.
[24] Hamilton A C,Perrot R A.Modern pollen deposition on a tropical African mountain[J].Pollen et Spores,1980,22 (3-4):437-468.
[25] 吴征益(主编).中国植被[M].北京:科学出版社,1980.430~503.
[26] 宋永昌.植被生态学[M].上海:华东师范大学出版社,2001.563~573.
[27] Feagri K,Iversen J.Textbook of pollen analysis[M].Oxford:Blackwell,1989 (3rd.).295.
[28] Davis O K.Pollen frequencies reflect vegetation patterns in a Great Basin (U.S.A.) mountain range[J].Review of Paleaobotany and Palunology,1984,40(4):295-315.
[29] 许清海,李月丛,赵登海,等.中国北方典型灌丛群落表土花粉组合特征[J].古地理学报,2006,8(2):157~164.
[30] 许英勤,阎顺,贾宝全,等.天山南坡表土孢粉分析及其与植被的数量关系[J].干旱区地理,1996,19(3):24~30.
[31] 童国榜,羊向东,王苏民,等.满洲里-大杨树一带表土孢粉的散布规律及数量特征[J].植物学报,1996,38(10):814~821.
[32] 杨振京,许清海,孟令尧,等.燕山地区表土花粉与植被间的数量关系[J].植物生态学报,2003,27(6):804~809.