Quantitative Analysis for Classification of Geomorphological Types

  • 1. College of Earth Science, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu Sichuan, 610059;
    2. Department of Geography, Teacher’s College of Taiyuan, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030012

Received date: 2005-08-08

  Revised date: 2005-12-25

  Online published: 2007-01-20


For decades,people have studied geomorphological classification in different ways and from different perspectives,and much progress has been made and each scheme has played a role in the development of geomorphology.In recent years,a statistical method has used to study geomorphology widely.This study empirically shows that it is also possible to classify geomorphological forms using mathematic method.It is different from the traditional method of classification.The main principle of quantitative analysis is to consider all factors synthetically,contrast all the data of each sample and make a classification grade according to the degree of similarity.The most similar and smallest geomorphological unit is taken into the first degree,the next most similar and small geomorphologic unit into next degree,the more different and bigger geomorphologic units into next and next degrees.We continue to proceed in this manner until we can classify the whole area’s geomorphological forms. This paper considers computer based quantitative analysis as a means to classify the geomorphological forms of Liangcheng County.It discusses a quantitative method of classifying geomorphological forms.As with the introduction of any new method to a subject,there are a number of technical challenges to be solved. Here we make a thorough investigation of problems such as how to measure and obtain data,how to select the basic sample units,how to determine the sample boundary lines,the optimum number of samples to take,etc.using quantitativeing analysis to classify geomorphologic forms,which has advantages over traditional classification in three aspects: detail,quantification and synthesis.

Cite this article

GAO Xuan-Yu . Quantitative Analysis for Classification of Geomorphological Types[J]. SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA, 2007 , 27(1) : 109 -114 . DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2007.01.109


[1] 李钜章.中国地貌形态基本类型数量指标初探[J].地理学报,1982,37(1):327~335.
[2] 王秀红.多元统计分析在分区研究中的应用[J].地理科学,2003.23(1):66~72.
[3] 苏时雨,李钜章,苏映平,等.中国1:100万地貌图设计中若干问题的探讨[J].地理学报,1982,37(1):8~16.
[4] 沈玉昌.中国地貌类型与区划问题的商榷[J].中国第四纪研究,1958,1:89~96.
[5] 中国科学院自然区划委员会.中国地貌区划[M].北京:科学出版社,1959.34~125.
[6] 裘善文,李风华.讨论地貌分类问题[J].地理科学,1982,2(4):327~335.
[7] 李钜章.中国地貌基本形态划分的探讨[J].地理研究,1987,6(2):32~38.
[8] 沈玉昌,苏时雨,伊泽生.中国地貌分类、区划与制图研究工作的回顾与展望[J].地理科学,1982,2(2):97~105.
[9] 钟业勋,魏文剧,李占静.基本地貌形态数学定义的研究[J].测绘科学,2002,27(3):17~19.
[10] 段学军.虚拟现实技术及其在地理学中的应用[J].地理科学,2002,22(5):586~591.
[11] 管华,高更和.秦岭黄淮平原交界带地貌演化阶段的信息熵判定[J].地理科学,2002,22(6):673~679.
[12] 汪明武,金菊良,李丽.地图质量可拓综合评价模型[J].地理科学,2003,23(5):612~618.
[13] 黄镇国,张伟强.中国热带第四纪板块构造的地貌效应[J] 地理科学,2004,24(3):286~292.
[14] 李有利,史兴民,傅建利,等.山西南部1.2 Ma B.P.的地貌转型事件[J].地理科学,2004,24(3):292~298.
[15] 肖学年,崔灵周,王春,等.模拟流域地貌发育过程的空间数据获取与分析[J].地理科学,2004,24(4):439~445.
[16] 王库,于东升,史学正.建立省级数字高程模型(DEM)的关键技术——以江苏省为例[J].地理科学,2004,24(2):188~194.
[17] 张婷,汤国安,王春,等.黄土丘陵沟壑区地形定量因子的关联性分析[J].地理科学,2005,25(3):467~473.
[18] Demek J,Embeton C.International giomorphological map of Europe(1:2 500 000)[J].Cartograph y.Lithography and printing.Geodetiky a kartograficky Praha.S.P.,1989,2:45-51.
[19] Noever D A.Fractal geometry and its computer simulation[J].Water Resource Research,1993,29(10):3561-3568.
[20] Bloom A L.The Surface of the Earth.Prentice-Hall,Englewood Cliffs[J].NJ.,1969,13:152-159.
[21] Aseyev A A,Blagovolin N S.Morphostructurs and Morphosculpturs ofThe USSR.XX111[J].International Geographical Congress(1),1970,9:23-27.
[22] Badea L.The geomorphologicaI map of the atlas of the Socialist Republic of Romania(1:1 000 000)[J].do.1976,4:258-260.
[23] Ganeshin G S.Geomorphological Cartography in the USSR[J].XXll linternational Geographical Congress,1976,8(1):265-258.
[24] Gelert J F.Concept and Legends of the geomophological maps for European Countries al Scale 1:500 000[J].Papers Submitted to the 22nd International Geographical Congress,1976,6(3):61-62.
[25] Gellert J F.The System of Complex geomorphologlcal maps[J].do.1976,2:63-65.
[26] Gellert J F,Scholz E.Conception and problems of a Series of Analytilc and Synthetic Geomorphological Earth maps(1:50Mill)[J].XXⅢ International Geographical Congress,1976,16(1):268-271.
[27] St-Onge D A.Geomorphic maps(Historical background),Reprinted with permissi on from the eneyclopdia of Geomorphology[J].R W Fairbridge,Reinhold,1968.12(2):388-389.
[28] Verstappen H Th.The ITC system of Geomorphological Survey,Papers submitted to the 22nd[J].IGC,1972,5:140-141.
[29] Verstappen H Th.Geomorphological Survey of the NW Cosenza Province,calabria,Italy[J] ITC geomorphological Surveyjournal,1977,20(4):578-594.
[30] Dov Nir Man.A Geomorphological agent:An introduction to anthropic geomorphology[M].Israel:Keler Publishing House,1983.131-141.
[31] Noever D A.Fractal geometry and its computer simulation[J].Water Resource Research,1993,29(10):3561-3568.
[32] Madsen S N,Martin J M,Zebker H A.Analysis and evaluation of the NASA/JPL TOPSAR acrosstrack interferometric SAR system IEEE Trans[J].Geosci Remote Sensing,2001,10(2):383-391.
[33] Twidale C R.Some recently developed ladforms[J].Creomorphology,2003,19(3-4):349-3.