Summary on the Study of Planation Surface

  • College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Southwest China Normal University, Chongqing 400715

Received date: 2001-12-24

  Revised date: 2002-04-25

  Online published: 2003-01-20


This paper generalized the research situation of planation surface on its definition, discrimination, classification, formation, dating, and so on. We think that planation is a wide-ranging and undulating surface formed by deplanation in a long and relatively stable period. Planation is always be uplifted by the later tectonic activities. Planation has such features as large area,low altitude and small gradient. Discrimination of planation is based on inside plotting and outside investigation. This method mainly depends on subjective knowledge which is lack of accurate,objective and quantitative analysis.New mathematical methods have been used in this field.Although they are not accurate yet,there are still many improvements. There are lots of ways to classify planation in terms of different standards.The same planation may show different type when it is in different system.The same planation even has distinct forms at different places. We strengthen the investigation of natural factors such as pre-construction,erosion base level,climate,lithology,time and tectonic activities, which affect planation's formation and preservation. Pre-construction provides a foundation for planation forming.Erosion base level is the base line for it.Climate and lithology influence the rate of formation and preservation.Time produces different degrees of planation forms.Tectonic activities are unbenefical to preservation. Chronology of planation's forming is one of the most important part of the study.It means the end of the deplanation.Phase-transition analysis,age-boundary line analysis,correlation and crust of weathering analysis are all used in determing the age of planation. We also disscuss the perspective researching trends on the study of planation surface.

Cite this article

REN Xue-Mei, CHEN Zhong, LUO Li-Xia, ZHOU Xin-Qin, WANG Jian-Li . Summary on the Study of Planation Surface[J]. SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA, 2003 , 23(1) : 107 -111 . DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2003.01.107


[1] 崔之久,李德文,伍永秋,等.关于夷平面[J].科学通报,1998,43(17):1794~1805.
[2] Arthur L Bloom.Geomorphology:A systematic Analysis of Late Cenozoic Landform[M]. Printice-Hall, Inc. 1978.
[3] 张 珂,黄玉昆.粤北地区夷平面的初步研究[J].热带地理,1995,15(4):295~304.
[4] 崔之久,高全洲,刘耕年.青藏高原与岩溶年代及其起始高度[J].科学通报,1996,41(15):1402~1406.
[5] 崔之久,高全洲,刘耕年.夷平面、古岩溶与青藏高原隆升[J].中国科学(D辑),1996,26(4):378~385.
[6] J F 盖勒特.新观念下的夷平面-梯级阶地-单斜地[J].地理学报,1960,26(2):73~86.
[7] K K 马尔科夫.地貌学基本问题[M].北京:地质出版社,1957.
[8] 李吉均.纪念台维斯侵蚀循环、准平原学说诞生一百周年[J].兰州大学学报(自然科学版),1999,35(3):157~163.
[9] 刘 勇,王义祥,潘保田.夷平面的三维显示与定量分析方法初探[J].地理研究,1999,18(4):391~399.
[10] 董文杰,汤懋苍.青藏高原隆升和夷平过程的数值模型研究[J].中国科学(D辑),1997,27(1):65~69.
[11] 严钦尚,曾昭璇.地貌学[M].北京:高等教育出版社,1985.
[12] 吴 忱,张秀清,马永红.再论华北甸子梁期夷平面及早第三纪地文期[J].地理学与国土研究,1997,13(3):39~45.
[13] 乔 木,袁方策.新疆天山夷平面形态特征浅析[J].干旱区地理,1992,15(4):15~19.
[14] 崔之久,李德文,冯金良.覆盖型岩溶、风化壳与岩溶(双层)夷平面[J].中国科学(D辑,2001,31(6):510~519.