Spatio-temporal Characteristics and Driving Factors of Farmland Change on Urban Fringe: A Case Study of Shunyi District, Beijing Municipality

  • 1. College of Resources Science & Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875;
    2. State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, College of Resources Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875;
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101

Received date: 2007-06-01

  Revised date: 2007-10-21

  Online published: 2008-05-20


With the rapid economic development, land demands of different stakeholders are increasing the pressure on the limited land resources on the urban fringe, resulting in fast farmland loss. Based on the TM data in the years 1990 and 2000, combined with social-economical statistic data from 1978 to 2002, this paper explored the spatial and temporal characteristics of farmland change and its driving forces in Shunyi District, Beijing Municipality, by means of spatial analysis, GIS-based buffer analysis and mathematical statistics method. It was found that fast loss of farmland take place after the 1978. From 1978 to 2002, 38% of the farmland area in Shunyi was lost, which were mainly converted to built-up land (57%) and ecological land (43%), and driven by land demands for urbanization and better environment. Meanwhile, agricultural land use structure changed substantially due to the expansion of urban land and economic force/market change. For example, in 2002, the sowing area of food grain crops decreased by 35.12%, while the area of vegetable and orchard increased by 3 times compared to that in 1991. This change increased income of farmers, but led to a problem of food insecurity. Three major factors contributed to these land use changes. The first is the great gap of benefits among industrial and agricultural land use in Shunyi District. The second the investment of fixed asset, e.g., the investment to real estate increased 5 times from 1998 to 2003, while that to agriculture decreased to 1/29 at corresponding time. The third is development of transportation infrastructure to meet the need of its industrialization and urbanization. The quick development of villa and other residential land use with low plot ratio caused loss of fertile farmland and other ecological land. Additionally, this paper proved that the combination of Principal Component Analysis and Stepwise Regression was an effective means to discover driving factors of farmland loss. The former was used to distinguish main factors in each category, and the latter was used to give a rational explanation of land use change.

Cite this article

YU Bo-Hua, LU Chang-He . Spatio-temporal Characteristics and Driving Factors of Farmland Change on Urban Fringe: A Case Study of Shunyi District, Beijing Municipality[J]. SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA, 2008 , 28(3) : 348 -353 . DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2008.03.348


[1] Musisi Nkambwe, Wolter Arnberg. Monitoring land use change in an African tribal village on the rural-urban fringe [J]. Applied Geography, 1996,16(1):305-317.
[2] Joannem. Westphal. Managing agricultural resources at the urban-rural interface: A case study of the Oldmission Peninsula [J]. Landscape and Urban Planning, 2001, 57(1):13-24.
[3] 肖捷颖,葛京凤,沈彦俊,等. 基于TM和ETM+遥感分析的石家庄市土地利用/覆被变化研究[J]. 地理科学, 2005, 25(4): 495~500.
[4] Kcheleah and Dabbert S. An economic approach for a better understanding of conflicts between farmers and nature conservationists-an application of the decision support system ODAM to the Lower Odra Valley National Park[J]. Agricultural Systems, 2002, 74(2):241-255.
[5] YU Bohua, LU Changhe. Change of Cultivated Land and Its Implications on China's Food Security [J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2006, 16(4):299-305.
[6] Turner M C, Odum E P, Costanza R, et al. Market and nonmarkt values of the Georgia landscape [J]. Environmental management, 1988, 12(2):119-217.
[7] Recatal L, J R Ive, I A Baird N,et al. Land-use planning in the Valencia Mediterranean Region: Using LUPIS to generate issue relevant plans [J]. Journal of Environmental Management, 2000, 59(3): 169-184.
[8] 郑兴年,胡宝新,崔伟宏.大城市边缘区土地利用动态遥感试验研究——以北京市朝阳区为例[J]. 地理科学, 1995,15(1): 47~55.
[9] Joannem Westphal. Managing agricultural resources at the urban-rural interface: a case study of the Oldmission Peninsula[J]. Landscape and Urban Planning, 2001, 57(1):13-24.
[10] 苏维词.贵阳城市土地利用变化及其环境效应[J]. 地理科学, 2000,20(5): 462~468.
[11] Pond B, Yeatesm. Rural-urban land conversion (Ⅱ): Identifying land in transition to urban use [J]. Urban Geography, 1994, 15(1): 25-44.
[12] LIU Ji-yuan, LIU Ming-liang, ZHANG Da-fang et al. Study on spatial pattern of land-use change in China during 1995-2000[J]. Science in china (Series D), 2003, 24(4): 373-387.
[13] 谈明洪,李秀彬,吕昌河.20世纪90年代中国大中城市建设用地扩张及其对耕地的占用[J].中国科学(D辑) ,2004,34(12):1157~1165.
[14] 李天宏,韩 鹏.厦门市土地利用/覆盖动态变化的遥感检测与分析[J]. 地理科学, 2001,21(6): 537~539.
[15] 郑 宇,刘彦随,王玉华.沿海发达地区土地利用研究新进展与方向[J].长江流域资源与环境,2003,12(6):509~514.
[16] 孙佑海.协调建设用地与保护耕地的关系[J].中国土地,2004,(9):11~14.
[17] 王思远,刘纪远,张增祥,等.中国土地利用时空特征分析[J].地理学报,2001,56(6):631~638.
[18] 史纪安,陈利顶,史俊通,等.榆林地区土地利用/覆被变化区域特征及其驱动机制分析[J]. 地理科学,2003,23(4): 493~498.
[19] 于伯华,吕昌河. 北京市顺义区土地资源竞争与土地利用变化分析[J].农业工程学报, 2006, 22(22): 94~97.
[20] 毛蒋兴,闫小培.城市交通系统对土地利用的影响作用研究——以广州为例[J].地理科学,2005,25(3):353~360.
[21] 李月臣,刘春霞.北方13省土地利用/覆盖动态变化分析[J].地理科学,2007,27(1):45~52.
[22] 岳文泽,徐丽华.城市土地利用类型及格局的热环境效应研究——以上海市中心城区为例[J].地理科学,2007,27(2):243~248.
[23] 陈群元,尹长林,陈光辉.长沙城市形态与用地类型的时空演化特征[J].地理科学,2007,27(2):273~280.
[24] 曾 辉,褚艳铃,李书娟.南昌地区建设用地空间扩展的广义转移概率模型建设与应用研究 [J].地理科学,2007,27(4):473~479.
[25] 杨 琳,何 芳.基于耗散理论的城市边缘区土地利用的弹性管理研究[J].地理科学,2007,27(5):655~660.
[26] 曹小曙,马林兵,颜廷真.珠江三角洲交通与土地利用空间关系研究[J].地理科学,2007,27(6):743~743.
[27] 吴运金,张甘霖,赵玉国,等.城市化过程中土地利用变化对区域滞洪库容量的影响研究——以南京市河西地区为例[J].地理科学,2008,28(1):29~33.
[28] 马 岩,陈利顶,虎陈霞.黄土高原地区退耕还林工程的农户响应与影响因素——以甘肃定西大牛流域为例[J].地理科学,2008,28(1):34~39.
[29] 艾 彬,徐建华,黎 夏,等.社区居住环境的空间数据探索性分析[J].地理科学,2008,28(1):51~58.