Since the mid-1990s, Human Geography research has witnessed a significant turn towards a relational approach, giving rise to Relational Geography as an influential and cutting-edge disciplinary perspective that challenges traditional geographical paradigms. This paper aims to explore the academic connotations, theoretical propositions, research paradigms, and current hot topics within Relational Geography. It argues that the core focus of Relational Geography is on the subject of action, emphasizing not only the analysis of international mobility, connectivity, and social relations but also the exploration of individual experiences, cognition, and agency. This approach encompasses not only the extensive impacts of globalization on local societies, economies, and institutions but also the examination of localization, cultural reconstruction, and differential production, revealing clear tendencies towards de-territorialization and de-scaling. Rather than merely summarizing patterns or laws, the interpretation of regional policies or social events within Relational Geography is predominantly based on actor networks and adopts a de-anthropocentric perspective, focusing on the analysis of situations, interactions, interpretations, and contingencies. Relational Geography highlights that the complexity of the present era cannot be adequately explained by a single theory or dominant ideology. Through a decentralized, heterogeneous, dynamic, and multi-dimensional approach, it embodies the diversity, inclusiveness, and profound nature of geographical thinking. This shift towards relational thinking represents a critique of long-standing Western academic hegemony associated with substantialism (the belief in discovering objective social facts), positivism (the search for objective laws of human society), dualism, and other prevailing trends. By surpassing the limitations of human and physical geography and reflecting on essentialist and structuralist static analyses, Relational Geography incorporates events and realities into the perspectives of political economy, power relations, gender identity, spatial justice, and social inequality. Its epistemological shift towards more open, fluid, and complex spatial relational thinking significantly reshapes people's understanding of key geographic concepts such as space, place, and scale. As a new research trend and paradigm, Relational Geography needs to effectively incorporate and apply its principles when examining Chinese experiences. China's traditional concept of "connection," the "Belt and Road Initiative", and the idea of "a community with a shared future for mankind" serve as prime examples of how Relational Geography can be applied and connected in practice.