Traditional settlement space governance, as a small-scale national governance, covers governance issues in economic, cultural, social, and ecological dimensions involved in the "modernization of national governance system and governance capabilities", reflecting the governance of social governance, market governance, and government governance in the process of national governance. Space governance of traditional settlement is one of the basic links that cannot be ignored in the modernization of national governance. Therefore, research on the governance of traditional settlement spaces is of positive significance to help understand the modernization of national governance. The research, taking Zhangguying Village as an example and using text analysis methods, in-depth interview methods, questionnaire surveys and factor analysis methods, based on the perspective of the actor network, reconstructs the traditional settlement space governance mechanism. The research found that: the space governance actors in Zhangguying Village are the government, village committees, villagers, cultural relics protection companies, tourism development companies, cultural industry companies, heritage foundations, physical space, social space, cultural space, and economic space. The spatial governance of Zhangguying Village has such phenomena as the imbalance of subject rights, the construction of multi-dimensional space, and the evolution of spatial functions. Under the reconstruction of the actor network, the administrative subject, the local community subject and the external subject need to adjust the action mechanism to promote the transformation of the material space, the reconstruction of the social and cultural space, and the construction of the economic space. Through the adjustment of the action mechanism of space subjects, the redistribution of space rights can be realized. From the perspective of the actor network, the main subject of the traditional village space should cooperate with each other and participate in governance. The foreign culture and traditional culture urgently need to deepen the integration and interaction, and the traditional village space function urgently needs to be repaired and reorganized. Research innovation combines spatial governance with actor network theory, and introduces it into the research category of rural governance to enrich the connotation of the spatial governance system. Research helps explain how various actors participate in governance in the process of space governance in traditional settlements, and how to allocate space rights and interests rationally, providing references for other similar traditional settlements.