地理科学 ›› 1982, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (2): 179-187.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1982.02.179

• 研究报导 • 上一篇    下一篇

现代城市发展若干问题的探讨

姚士谋, 吴楚材, 徐桂卿   

  1. 中国科学院南京地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1982-03-20 发布日期:1982-03-20

SOME PROBLEMS CONCERNING THE DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN CITIES

Yao Shimou, Wu Chucai, Xu Guiqing   

  1. Nanjing Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1982-03-20 Published:1982-03-20

摘要: 城市的形成和发展是在一定历史阶段上社会生产力发展的结果,是一个地区经济发展的集中点与各种物质要素的集聚点。列宁说过:“城市是经济、政治和人民精神生活的中心,是前进的主要动力。”确实,城市在国民经济发展中起着积极的、创造性的和生产组织的巨大作用,代表了一定地区范围内生产力发展的最高水平。然而,城市的发展,不但受自然、经济规律的制约,而且受国家方针政策的深刻影响,特别是现代化城市的发展,涉及的因素更为复杂。在我国社会主义现代化建设过程中,如何从我国国情和生产力水平出发,研究现代城市发展问题,具有重要的现实意义。

Abstract: It is a well known fact that a city is the center of both regional economic development and various kinds of physical elements;and it plays a tremendous rule,active,creative,and production-organlzational,in the development of national economy.with the development of industry and communications in the city,greater and greater changes have taken place in city space;and,as a result,the contents of economic activities,cultural life,and social intercourse are more colourful than ever to a wider and comprehensive extent.To meet such progressive requirements,various fundamental activities in the city call for higher functional ability and higher efficiency so as to form an organically integrated unit.The main basic requirements are:(1)Rationalization of city planning.(2)Modernization of communication facilities,(3)Gardenization of city environment,and(4)Socialization of urban life.As the relations of urban arrangements with natural economy,especially those in the following respects,are so complicate with each other,they should be dealt with carefully:(1)To handle carefully the relation betwecn urban and regional economic development;(2)To make a good job of the relation of bringing large cities under control with the development of medium and small sized cities;(3)To deal better with the orientation and function of the development of each city or town in its regional system.As there is a close relationship between the level of rationalization of city planning construction and urban economic benefit,there is a need of further study and analysis of the urban economic benefit for the development of modern city planning construction.