地理科学 ›› 1982, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (2): 97-105.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1982.02.97

• 论文 •    下一篇

中国地貌分类、区划与制图研究工作的回顾与展望

沈玉昌, 苏时雨, 尹泽生   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1982-03-20 发布日期:1982-03-20

RETROSPECT AND PROSPECT OF THE RESEARCH WORK ON THE CLASSIFICATION,REGIONALIZATION AND MAPPING OF THE GEOMORPHOLOGY OF CHINA

Shen Yuchang, Su Shiyu, Yin Zesheng   

  1. Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1982-03-20 Published:1982-03-20

摘要: 在自然地理环境中,地貌是基本要素之一,它与人类的生活、生产活动密切相关。因此,人类在很早以前就关心地貌,并加以分类、分区与制图。我国古代文献中虽然很早就有关于地貌的记载,但详细地叙述地貌并加以分类的著作,当首推二千多年前的《尔雅》一书,该书的“释地”、“释丘”、“释山”、“释水”等四篇,内容十分丰富详细。我国现今通用的平原、丘陵等名称均渊源于此。汉、唐以后,关于山川的记载更为详尽(如《汉书·地理志》)。

Abstract: The research work on the classification,regionalization and mapping of the geomorphology of China started very early,but essential work was done after libcration.This article gives a brief account of the history of the work and its present condition,and presents some suggestions as to the orientation of the work in the future.Many geomorphologists in starting their investigations to be in accord with the national economical constructions since the 1950s,have proposed various kinds of classifications on the basis of the genesis of geomorphology,and also put forward the criteria of classification of various types of forms.The work of regionalization of geomorphology opened up vigorously from the end of the 1950s to the beginning of the 1960s,along with the regionalization of physical geography of the whole country and the provinces(regions).In addition to the work above mentioned,many other kinds of geomorphological mapping have been carried out too,such as loess landforms,plain landforms,desert morphology,sea-floor morphology,etc,which have been put into practice by the economic departments.Besides,in respect of theories,methods,and practice of the mapping,some new conceptions and new methods have been discussed,and abundant data and new expe-riences have been collected.From now on we should spare no effort in studying and practising the principles of geomorphological regionalization,legendary system,mapping technology,ways of expression,quantitative measurement of the landforms,as well as the application of new technology in mapping.