地理科学 ›› 1982, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (3): 193-201.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1982.03.193

• 论文 •    下一篇

试论沼泽的分布和发育规律

黄锡畴   

  1. 中国科学院长春地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1982-05-20 发布日期:1982-05-20

AN APPROACH TO DISTRIBUTION AND DEVELOPMENT LAW OF MIRE

Huang Xichou   

  1. Changchun Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1982-05-20 Published:1982-05-20

摘要: 沼泽作为一种特殊的自然综合体,是自然地理学的研究对象,同时作为一种土地类型,又是可以开发利用的自然资源。由于泥炭沼泽中蕴藏着丰富的泥炭资源,因此,又把它作为矿产加以开发利用。近二十年来,随着国民经济发展的需要,在对沼泽的调查、研究、开发和改造过程中,在我国自然地理学体系中,逐渐形成了一门新的分支学科——沼泽学。

Abstract: Mire science is a new branch of physical geography in China and the history of study is shorter.So some basic theories and concepts are not veryclear and definite.Some ideas from foreign countries have been uesd in China,but they are not suited to the characteristics of out marshes.Because of vast and unbalanced mire distributions,scholars have two different views on geographical regularity of mire distribution.Some hold that mires are distributed intrazonally or azonally.Others maintain mire disributionis largely zonal.In this paper,the author cited some opinions proposeed by some scientists and examples showing zonal distribution.Author suggests that the distributions of various types of mires are restricted by the law of natural differentiation.Although mire develops in a certain zone,it does not occur-isolately in the zone,and it is closely related to and interacts with around zonational ecological environments.The natural complex in intrazonal environments bears evidence of zonality.Therefore,the author considers that mire distribution possesses zonaland intrazonal characteristics.The unified theory of mire genesis has been used in mire study and regardedas basis of mire classification.Analyses of pollen and C14 dating indicate that the theory is only suitableto frigid temperate taiga zone.China’s mire has mostly remained in the stage of low moor since the Holocene.There is not certainty of the law developing from low moor to high bog.The development law of mire not only depends on time,but also is restricted by space and sites.So it is not suitable that developments of all miresare included in a unified pattern.Mire develops as multi-pattern.