地理科学 ›› 1982, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (3): 232-237.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1982.03.232

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

试论普通地理图的发展

范正一   

  1. 中国科学院长春地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1982-05-20 发布日期:1982-05-20

A STUDY ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF GENERAL GEOGRAPHIC MAP

Fan Zhengyi   

  1. Changchun Institute of Geography, Academia sinica
  • Online:1982-05-20 Published:1982-05-20

摘要: 普通地理图属于普通地图范畴,它在内容的详尽程度、用途和比例尺等方面都有别于地形图。普通地理图一般是指比例尺小于1:100万(亦有大于1:100万的),与地形图相比具有较强的概括性和一览性,即在尽可能保证几何精确性的情况下,通过适度的制图综合,来重点显示主要的区域特征,强调地理适应性,以提供制图区域较完整概念的地图。

Abstract: The general maps are divided into two types——the topographic map and the general geographic map.In this paper we have mainly discussed about the latter.The general geographic maps will d velop in the following aspects:1.To enhance the geographic characteristics of the general geographic map.The imageries of landsat and the large comprehensive or regional geographical investigations would increase the geographical features of these maps.2.To reform the process for the general geographic mapping.we can try to transfer the contents of the landsat imageries onto the general geographic maps directly.3.To make applications of computers and automatic mapping.In the near future,we can establish data banks and use the computers for collecting and compiling the map information.4.To make better use of the general geographic map as an information communication system.This is a new development for the general geographic map.How to show the regional features? To study the internal relationship of the regional features and to show their distribution rules on the general geographic maps are the chief tasks of our geographic cartographers.