地理科学 ›› 1982, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (3): 247-253,293.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1982.03.247

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

农业生产类型划分方法探讨——以江苏省吴县为例

马湘泳   

  1. 中国科学院南京地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1982-05-20 发布日期:1982-05-20

PRELIMINARY STUDIES ON DIVISION OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION TYPE

Ma Xiangyong   

  1. Nanjing Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1982-05-20 Published:1982-05-20

摘要: 吴县位于太湖东岸,环抱苏州市。自然经济条件优越,开发历史悠久,水陆交通方便,农业生产水平较高。通过利用航片对土地资源的调查量算,全县总面积245.1万亩(不包括太湖水面),其中耕地占总面积56.5%,水面占21.4%,山丘占10.9%,居民点占6.7%,道路沟渠占3.1%,其它用地占1.4%。从土地类型看,水田根据微地貌特征和开发先后,从高到低,依次为高平田、平田、半高田、低洼圩田、荡田、湖田和芦滩地等类型。

Abstract: The study of agricultural production type at county level is the fundamental task to formulate agricultural plan suited to different local conditions,to make rational use of natural resources and to realize agricultural modernization.Agricultural production type refers to a sort of combination fomed by a ceritain territory of which structures,properties and characteristics of agricultural production are basically the same.The characteristics of diversified production and tne strong territorial features of the agricultural production type provide a realistic foundation for dividing agricultural production type.Such type is not only a transitional step for agricultural division,but also a basic unit to the regionization,.Thus,a good foundation can be laid for the accuracy of regionization by division of the type within a county beforehand.The development of a rational principle for division is an important basis for the division of agrcultural production type.Index can be regarded as the principlein concrete from.The limits of territorial differentiation of agricultural production based on the quantitative analysis have to do with the accuracy of the line of division.There will be a relative flexibilty for the different indice to be adopted according to different regions and production levels.