地理科学 ›› 1982, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (4): 358-367.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1982.04.358

• 问题讨论 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国景观区划初步研究

李万   

  1. 中国科学院长沙农业现代化研究所
  • 出版日期:1982-07-20 发布日期:1982-07-20

PRELIMINARY STUDY ON LANDSCAPE REGIONALIZATION IN CHINA

Li Wan   

  1. Changsha Institute of Agricultural Modernization, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1982-07-20 Published:1982-07-20

摘要: 中国的自然区划有着悠久的历史。自春秋战国时代(公元前722~221年)的山海经、禹贡,到一九八○年六月出版的《中国综合自然区划概要》,中间经过了几千年的时间,我国人民对土地进行了多次区划。总起来可分成三个时段:春秋战国时期、半封建半殖民地时期和社会主义时期。

Abstract: The significance of landscape regionalization is essentially to epitomize currently known theory of geographical knowledge in addition to classify scientifically according to geographical law.It can,thus,not only reflect the depth of geographical study and the theoretical level of geography of a certain region,but also expose the problems presented in physical data and theory.It would provide basis for developing agriculture in line with local conditions and accelerate the development of regional physical geography. The principle of landscape regionalization of China is that of zonation,and the zonal principle is based on zonal law.The upper limit of landscape (the natural complex of the earth surface) is the top of the biosphere and its lower limit is the bottom of weathering crust.The latitudinal zones,land-sea zones and vertical zones of its distribution on the earth surface are its concrete appearances.Based on this principle,China may be divided into 2“domains”,12“zones”and 44“regions”,in which the units of each level all have relatively identical potential agricultural productive conditions and productivity.