地理科学 ›› 1983, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (1): 17-26.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1983.01.17

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

太湖地区第四纪沉积的孢粉组合及其古植被与古气候

王开发, 张玉兰, 蒋辉   

  1. 同济大学海洋地质系
  • 出版日期:1983-01-20 发布日期:1983-01-20

SPORE-POLLEN ASSEMBLAGES FROM THE QUATERNARY SEDIMENTS OF TAIHU(LAKE)AND ITS PALEOVEGETATION AND PALEOCLIMATE

Wang Kaifa, Zhang Yulan, Jiang Hui   

  1. Department of Marine Geology, Tongji University
  • Online:1983-01-20 Published:1983-01-20

摘要: 太湖地区不仅因风景秀丽,成为人们休养、旅游的胜地,而且由于它的气候温暖湿润,成为华东地区一个富饶的鱼米之乡。但是,历史上的太湖气候却经历过频繁的冷暖、干湿的交替,而这碧波浩瀚的淡水湖泊也曾遭海水的侵入。几年来,我们对太湖地区的和桥 YL—17井、丁山19—5井岩心和宜兴、无锡附近的第四纪沉积、唯亭遗址文化层进行孢粉研究,并分析了现代太湖湖泥、无锡南独山、宜兴铜官山山麓表土,皆获得丰富的孢粉,为研究太湖地区第四纪古植被、古气候、古环境提供了有用资料。

Abstract: Ten spore-pollen zones have been distinguished from the Quaternary sedi-ments of Taihu region,reflecting ten phases of the paleovegetation successionsince the middle Pleistocene of Taihu region.These phases are as follow inascending order:deciduous broad-leaved and coniferous mixed forest and deciduousbroad-leaved forest containing evergreen broad-leaf tree of the middle Pleistocene,reflecting the climate changing from cold and dry to warm and moist;coniferousand broad-leaf mixed forest,evergreen broad-leaf and deciduous broad-leavedmixed forest and Pinus and Cupressaceae forest-grasslands with a few of Piccaand Abies of the late Pleistocene,indicating cold and dry,warm and moist andcold and dry three climate phases;coniferous and broad-leaf mixed forest,broad-leaf and coniferous mixed forest-grasslands,evergreen broad-leaf forest、conife-rous and broad-leaf mixed forest and limnetic vegetation mainly consisted ofConcentricystes and Potamo eton Of Holocene,reflecting that the climate hasundergone five phases:cool and moist,temperate and dry,hot and moist,temperate and dry and warm and moist,the last one nearly being equal to theclimate of present.The late Pleistocene had the lowest temperature,7—8℃lower than that of present.The hot and moist climate of the middle Holoceneresulted in the sea level rising and Taihu Lake was transgressed by sea waterand became a lagoon or a gulf.