地理科学 ›› 1983, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (1): 71-78.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1983.01.71

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

关于城市性质问题的探讨

王淑华   

  1. 中国科学院长春地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1983-01-20 发布日期:1983-01-20

AN APPROACH TO URBAN CHARACTER

Wang Shuhua   

  1. Changchun Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1983-01-20 Published:1983-01-20

摘要: 当前,世界各国城市发展的实际情况表明,城市规模不断扩大已成为国内外城市发展的主要趋势。要想合理地确定与控制大城市发展规模,解决当前城市建设中存在的主要矛盾,必须根据国民经济发展的要求及地区发展的条件与特点确定城市性质,从而使全国各区域的城市发展既各具特色,又有分工,保持相互间的经济联系,以期实现在全国合理发展与布局城市,组成大、中、小相结合的城市网,并发挥城市在经济中的网络作用。

Abstract: Since there is no unified and complete concept,basis and method for urbancharacter to date,it is difficult to define urban character,which influences notonly general urban planning and construction,but also rational urban development and layout.This paper makes mainly a preliminary approach to the concept,basis and method for urban character.The concept of urban character can be understood in both narrow sense andbroad sense.The urban character in a narrow sense reflects the main function ofthe most essential characteristics of a city.The urban character in a broad senseinvolves the main function and the developing tendency of a city.In general,urban character is the position,role and developing tendency of a city in politics,economy and culture of a country or a region.And there can be one and only onemain function (single or comprehensive) for a city,while there can be one ormore secondary functions.The basis and method for defining urban character are that we can studycomprehensively and decide the developing tendency of a city in a given period,based on national economic censtruction,general requirements of national eco-nomic plan,regional resources and conditions,principle of rational productivitydistribution,present urban development and economic geographical position,through qualitative analysis,quantitative analysis,regional comparison and co-mprehensive analysis,making a city to be developed and distributed rationallyand favoring to improve economic benefit,social benefit and environmentalbenefit.