地理科学 ›› 1983, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (1): 83-88.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1983.01.83

• 问题讨论 • 上一篇    下一篇

医学地图的内容和编制方法的探讨

文圣君   

  1. 中国科学院长春地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1983-01-20 发布日期:1983-01-20

A STUDY OF THE CONTENTS AND DRAWING METHODS OF MEDICAL MAPS

Wen Shengjun   

  1. Changchun Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1983-01-20 Published:1983-01-20

摘要: 医学地理学是研究疾病和环境条件之间关系的科学。它最早出现在希波克拉底氏时代(希波克拉底为古希腊名医),后来有人称之为疾病地理学、地理医学、地理病理学,当前多称之为医学地理学。地图既是地理学的研究成果,也是研究手段。因此,医学地理学的研究也离不开地图。尤其当人类与环境的关系问题日益引起广泛注意的今天,与人类健康密切相关的医学地图,更应得到重视和发展。

Abstract: Three topics are discussed in this paper:1.The significance and the present state of medical maps;2.The contents and drawing methods of medical maps;Medical maps should consist of present state of disease distribution,changinglaws of disease distribution,environmental conditions of disease area and pre-ventive measures,ctc.As for drawing methods,several calculating methods areprimarily introduced.3.Expressions for medical maps.Expressions for medical maps should be chosen according to their contentsand calculating methods.Several typical expressions for medical maps are introducedin this paper.