地理科学 ›› 1983, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (3): 223-232.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1983.03.223

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国甜菜糖工业合理区位问题

李为   

  1. 中国科学院长春地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1983-05-20 发布日期:1983-05-20

REASONABLE LOCATION OF BEET-SUGAR INDUSTRY IN CHINA

Li Wei   

  1. Changchun Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1983-05-20 Published:1983-05-20

摘要: 甜菜糖工业是我国制糖工业的重要部门之一,其产量约占我国制糖工业总产量的1/5左右。为实现我国食糖自给,党和政府采取一系列措施,促进了甜菜糖工业的迅速发展。1981年全国甜菜糖产量已达到64万吨,比1980年增长73%,相当于建国初期(1949年)的60多倍。甜菜糖工业的布局也有很大的变化。

Abstract: Beet-sugar industry is one of the important branches of sugar-refining industry in China. The study of beet-sugar industryal location is helpful to. improve sugar-refining industry distribution. 1. Owing to very high material consumption quota per unit of product, and the high effectiveness for a given period and poor transportability of beet, the raw material factor plays a decisive role in the determination of beet-sugar industryal location. Placing the industrial location directly at the center of raw material producing area to minimize its transportation radius is the-only way to achieve better distribution results. On the other hand, the selec-tion and construction of beet bases should be highlighted too. 2. The selection of beet-sugar industrial location also depends on the. proper scale of the ablishment of the sugar refinery, and this, in turn, has definite relationship to the frequency of beet supply in a given area and its reasonable transportation radius. According to the actual conditions in China, there are two kinds of patterns can be adopted currently for beet-sugar industryal location and its scale: One pattern is large scale located along railway,and the other is small scale located not along railway. 3. Other than raw material, the determination of beetsugar industrial location and the selection of site for building refinery are restricted by such factors as energy resources, water supply, transportation, labour force, envi-ronmental protection and so on. In order to draw a proper and feasible con-glusion, the above-mentioned factors must be analyzed comprehensively and their influence on the integrity of beet-sugar industrial location must be investigated.