地理科学 ›› 1983, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (4): 311-320.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1983.04.311

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

自然环境、人文因素演变与城市聚落发展的关系——以兰州河谷盆地为例

鲜肖威1, 张林源1, 艾南山1, W·WÖhlke2   

  1. 1. 兰州大学;
    2. 联邦德国西柏林自由大学
  • 出版日期:1983-07-20 发布日期:1983-07-20

ON RELATION BETWEEN EVOLUTION OF NATURAL ENVIRONMENT AND HUMAN FACTOR AND DEVELOPMENT OF URBAN SETTLEMENT

Xian Xiaowei1, Zhang Linyuan1, Ai Nanshan1, W·WÖhlke2   

  1. 1. Lanzhou University, China;
    2. Free University Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany
  • Online:1983-07-20 Published:1983-07-20

摘要: 聚落是一种文化景观(Kulturlandschaft)。而一切文化景观都是在特定的自然基础上,人类经济活动与各自然因素相互作用在一定社会发展阶段的综合结果[1]。它应当是新的区域地理学研究的对象。我们试图以兰州河谷盆地为例,分析自然环境在一定社会历史阶段对城市聚落发展的作用与影响,作为研究区域地理学的尝试。

Abstract: Lanzhou valley is a dimond basin striking from NW to SE,including 6 river erraces.The older the terrace,the higher it is above the river and the more splited the surface is.The lower terraces ramaining even and smooth,are main sites for city building.In the east plain,where Lanzhou city lies,the course of the Yellow River has continually moved northward in these two thousand years and enlarged the area of plain,which basically results from neotectonic movement and other natural factors,but human activeties have taken role of increasing importance.The main function of Lanzhou urban settlement is a ferry and a transport centre.Lanzhou used to be a important crossing site and post on the“silk road”,and then became a transport and trade centre in Northwest.In the middle of 17th century,Lanzhou became the capital of Gansu,a new province,and its population and area grew rapidly.But the real fast development of its urban settlement is after 1949.The developing process of Lanzhou urban settlement indicates that urban settlement is a system consisting of natural enviroment and human sociaty basedon the former.