地理科学 ›› 1984, Vol. 4 ›› Issue (2): 167-176.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1984.02.167

• 问题讨论 • 上一篇    下一篇

庐山地区混杂沉积的特征和成因

张林源, 牟昀智   

  1. 兰州大学地质地理系
  • 出版日期:1984-03-20 发布日期:1984-03-20

FEATURES AND GENESES OF THE DIAMICTON IN THE LUSHAN REGION

Zhang Linyuan, Mu Yunzhi   

  1. Department of Geology and Geography, Lanzhou University
  • Online:1984-03-20 Published:1984-03-20

摘要: 自本世纪三十年代李四光教授把庐山地区一部分第四纪沉积物和地貌现象确认为冰川成因以来,我国东部,尤其是东南部低纬低海拔山地的第四纪冰川问题,在国内外研究者中一直存在着冰川和非冰川观点的争论。本文基于本区混杂堆积物的若干特征;就成因问题进行探讨。

Abstract: The glacial problem of the Quaternary in the eastern part of China,especially in the mountains at low latitudes and low altitudes,has been debated among domestic and foreign researchers.The points in debate are those of glaciation and non-glaciation.This paper deals with the problem in the light of some features of the diamietons of the region. The allitic weathering of the diamicton is very obvious in the region. However,a key question for determining the sedimentary environment and its genesis is of period over which warm,humid weathering prevailed.Those who advocate glaciation of the Lushan have already pointed out that under the condi-tion of warm,humid weathering the deposition of diamictons often occurred. Based on analysis of data,however,the following is proposed:the composition of diamicton of Dagu period on the piedmont came from the weathered crust constructed by vermicular red soil,in the mountains.that is to say,lt had gone through strong warm and humid weathering before deposition.This proves that the warm,humid weathring prevailed in the region in the early period. Based on its generation and development process,the original diamictons of different ages and colours in the region can be divided into three types: modern slope sediments laid down by creep,slope sediments which came from earlier diamicton and crept slowly along the slopes cut by stream,and debris-mud flow sediments. Based on a series of charateristics of the diamictons,it is considerable that the diamicions in the Lushan are not of glacial origin,however,they can not be explained by any single non-glacial process.Diamictons of different ages and geomorphological expression have been produced by various mechanisms. The Dagu diamicton(corresponding to Mindel glaciation)which was said to be typical morainedebris is really a sediments of piedmont fan.Its main features can be explained by the mechanism of debris-mud flow accumulation.