地理科学 ›› 1984, Vol. 4 ›› Issue (3): 213-217.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1984.03.213

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国入海离子径流量的初步估算及影响因素分析

许越先   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1984-05-20 发布日期:1984-05-20

PRELIMINARY ESTIMATION OF DISSOLVED SOLID QUANTITY OF CHINA’S RIVERS AND ITS INFLUENCING FACTORS

Xu Yuexian   

  1. Institute of Gegraphy, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1984-05-20 Published:1984-05-20

摘要: 离子径流量及其影响因素的研究,对探讨流域物理过程、化学过程和生物过程的综合作用,分析河川径流的物质组成和化学性质,揭示水文循环和地理环境间的相互关系,都具有一定意义。

Abstract: This paper mainly deals with dissolved solid quantity of China’s rivers on the basis of the observed data collected from thirty rivers.Average annual dissolved solid of China’s rivers empting into the sea totals 345×108 tons,estimated by following formula: where,D =monthly average total dissolved solid quantity in water (mg/l); Q = monthly average river discharge (m3/s); T=seconds for each month.The amount of main ions transported into the sea annually by rivers are shown in Table 1. The dissolved solid quantity of various regions and monthly dissolved solid amount of main rivers in China are given in Tables 2 and 8, respectively.