地理科学 ›› 1984, Vol. 4 ›› Issue (3): 277-284.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1984.03.277

• 研究报道 • 上一篇    下一篇

太行山区的植被资源及其利用方向

刘濂   

  1. 河北师范大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1984-05-20 发布日期:1984-05-20

VEGETATION RESOURCES AND THEIR UTILIZATION OF THE TAIHANG MOUNTAINS

Liu Lian   

  1. Department of Geögraphy, Hebei Normal University
  • Online:1984-05-20 Published:1984-05-20

摘要: 太行山在河北、河南与山西三省之间。北起河北省的拒马河畔,南到黄河北岸,山脉走向由东北而西南,至河南辉县,转为东西走向。王屋山就是它西部的尾闾部分。多年来,太行山区由于滥肆砍伐森林、陡坡开荒及过度放牧,造成了水土流失,使太行山的生态平衡严重失调,农、林、牧业的发展受到很大的限制。植被是生态系统中的核心,研究该地区自然植被,对搞好山区生态平衡,实为必要。太行山区的自然条件

Abstract: The zonal vegetation of the Taihang Mountains in Hebei province is dominated by deciduou broad-leaf forest.With the mountain increase in height, differently venical vegetation belts are formed,namely,mountain deciduou broad -leaf forest belt,mountain frigid-temperate coniferous forest belt and subalpi-neshrub meadow belt. So the Taihang Mountainsis considered as forest ecosystem.For a long time, excessive felling and destruction depleted the forest resourcs,which leads to soil erosion,serious imbalace of forest ecosystem,and the Haiho River system carries 1.4 hundred million tons of silts into the.sea every year.According to weather,land fertility and local conditions,the proper.utilization of the Tai-hang Mountains should be directed towards foresting dominantly,promoting a diversified economy,and combining forest with stock raising.Therefore,at present following measures should be taken: 1.Changing the existing farmland into forest land,and rationally utilizing resources step by step;2.Afforestng the Taihang Mountains to prevent soil erosion and establish a nice ecological environment.