地理科学 ›› 1984, Vol. 4 ›› Issue (4): 357-364.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1984.04.357

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

水电工业布局若干问题探讨

刘东海   

  1. 河南省科学院地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1984-07-20 发布日期:1984-07-20

AN APPROACH TO PROBLEMS OF DISTRIBUTION OF HYDROELECTRIC STATION

Liu Donghai   

  1. Institute of Geography, Henan Academy of Sciences
  • Online:1984-07-20 Published:1984-07-20

摘要: 我国水力资源丰富,理论蕴藏量6.8亿千瓦,其中可开发水力资源3.8亿千瓦,已开发2200多万千瓦,加上在建的水电站装机1000多万千瓦,仅占可开发容量的10%,约有90%多的水力资源尚未开发。这样丰富的水力资源如能很好的利用,可节省大量地下宝藏——石油、煤炭、天然气和铀等能源。开发水力,不仅是电力问题,也是对整个能源的合理利用和工农业的发展问题。因此,研究我国水电工业布局的发展变化规律,对于当前的经济调整和全国在本世纪末实现工农业年总产值翻两番的战略目标,都具有极其重要的意义。现就水电工业布局的几个原则问题,初步探讨如下。

Abstract: From the viewpoint of objective economy, the paper expounds following problems: the arrangement principle of hydroelectric station and rational development programme with stair-shape based on features of all over basin the correlations between development of hydroelectric resources and inundation loss, and between the utilization of waterpower resources and management of ecological environment; rational arrangement of hydroelectric station in the light of regional component of electric powers; adaptability of the station to regional economic development etc. Finally, the paper makes an approach to concentric or decentralized arrangement on hydroelectric industry.