地理科学 ›› 1985, Vol. 5 ›› Issue (1): 89-96.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1985.01.89

• 三江平原开发与整治论坛 • 上一篇    

三江平原地区水资源的估算和开发利用

郭大本   

  1. 黑龙江省国营农场总局勘测设计院
  • 出版日期:1985-01-20 发布日期:1985-01-20

ESTIMATION AND EXPLOITATION OF WATER RESOURCES IN THE SANJIANG PLAIN

Guo Daben   

  1. Prospecting and Designing Institnte, General Bureau of State Farm, Heilongjiang Province
  • Online:1985-01-20 Published:1985-01-20

摘要: 三江平原地区(以下简称本区)位于黑龙江省东部,包括黑龙江、松花江和乌苏里江汇流的三角地带,以及安邦河、倭肯河和穆棱河流域,总面积1)10.35万平方公里。其中,山地丘陵占43%,平原和低湿地占57%,是我国面积最大的沼泽和沼泽化地区。本文根据全区204个水文气象测站,约5000站年的降水、径流、蒸发资料,以及作者有关调查研究成果,对水资源的数量、质量和合理开发利用,作一简要分析。

Abstract: According to measure and data, the author shows main features of rivers in the Sanjiang Plain and change of water balance on time and space, and then estimates water resources of five types, i.e.runoff, underground water, soil water, supplied water from the three rivers and lake (or reservior) water. Sum of the five water resources can be up to 32.3 billion m3. But they are rather unwell-distributed, the annual range is rather considerable too. Up to now, only 7.7% of water resources have been utilized, according to programme, 17.8 billion m3 will be utilized in furture in the area. Rationally exploiting water resources in the area should combine with protection and management, and the criterion judging rationality of utilization only is beneficial results on economic, ecologic and social aspects. During exploitation and utilization, it is important to provent water resources from pollution.