地理科学 ›› 1985, Vol. 5 ›› Issue (2): 153-159.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1985.02.153

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

关于村镇布局的宏观特点

叶舜赞   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1985-03-20 发布日期:1985-03-20

ON THE MACROSCOPIC CHARACTERISTICS OF DISTRIBUTION OF VILLAGES AND TOWNLETS

Ye Shunzan   

  1. Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1985-03-20 Published:1985-03-20

摘要: 村镇是当前我国农村居民点的通称。我国的村镇具有丰富的类型和特点,同周围居民点有广泛、复杂的联系,因此对村镇建设要进行审慎的宏观处理。加之近年来随着我国农业经济蓬勃发展,村镇建设空前兴旺。农村建设事业的迅速发展对国家的社会经济发展产生深远影响,村镇布局问题要结合当前形势,作初步探讨。

Abstract: The county territory is a basic territorial unit for planning the distribution of villages and townlets.The sociaI and economic connections between rural settlemets are kept mainly in accordance with local administrative relations There ar ecounty centres,district centres,township centres,large villages and hamlets.There are 18% of total county centres in China without founding town administrative organization,but treated as urban settlements in town planning and construction.Only a very few of district centres and township centres have administrative town organization.This article expound the characters,functions,structures,sizes,sphere of influence or linkages,their perspectives,main points for distribution planning and construction of settlements of different administrative grades in county. The changes in distribution,characters,functions and other aspects of villages and townlets are caused by bothrural social-economic development and urban-industrial development,such as specialized farm households and main producer farm households,the prosperity of rural marketing,the development of service trades in countryside;the construction of new satellite towns and manufacturing or mining areas,the reformation in the administrative system, for example,central cities on the prefecture-level with developed industry and commerce can exercise direct leadership over surrounding counties.Briefly,the two urbanization processes from bottom up to top and from top down to bottom bring great impact on rural construction.