地理科学 ›› 1985, Vol. 5 ›› Issue (2): 173-178.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1985.02.173

• 研究报导 • 上一篇    下一篇

西藏高原泥炭地的形成与演化

宋海远, 王德斌, 赵魁义   

  1. 中国科学院长春地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1985-03-20 发布日期:1985-03-20

FORMATION AND EVOLUTION OF PEATLANDS IN XIZANG PLATEAU

Song Haiyaun, Wang Debin, Zhao Quiyi   

  1. Changchun Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1985-03-20 Published:1985-03-20

摘要: 西藏泥炭地分布在北纬28°~31°之间,呈东西向零星地分布。海拔高度一般为3600~4600米,即八宿县安久拉山口到仲巴东西长约1200公里,南北宽约300公里的狭长地带(图1)。据调查[1],西藏的泥炭地质储量为17000万吨,其中裸露泥炭15000万吨,埋藏泥炭2000万吨。

Abstract: A preliminary investigation indicates that peatlands in Xizang plateau are mainly low and eutrophic herboceous peatlands,in which reserves of peat is nearly 170 million tons. Formation and evolution of peatlands was closely related to tectonic uplift of the plateau which resulted in climatic changes,regionaly active structure breaks and differential subsidence as Well. 1.The peatlands was mainly distributed at the altitute of 3600—4600m in the 28°—31°N,Lat.,which formed a long and narrow zone of 300km from the south to norh,and the width from East to west is 1200 kin. 2.At present,peatlands that formed in the periods of early and middle Holocene have been degenerated and shrunk,and there is a clear trend to meadow bogs or meadow.Developing peatlands were only distributed at the altitute of 3600—4200m in various valleies and basins,with an annual rainfall of 480—860mm;an accumulated tempeature(≥10℃) of 600—2000℃ and 100—150 days of which daily mean temperature is≥10℃. 3.Glacial meltwater is a main resource of water supply for the development of peatlands in the Xizang plateau. 4.There is a 30—60cm thick frozen soil layer at the depth of 60—100 cm below the surface of peatland,which is found at the altitute of 4000— 4600m near the line of 30°N,Lat.