地理科学 ›› 1985, Vol. 5 ›› Issue (3): 255-258.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1985.03.255

• 学位论文摘登 • 上一篇    下一篇

清初地理学家刘献廷及其学术思想

王祥珩   

  1. 广州地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1985-05-20 发布日期:1985-05-20

GEOGRAPHER LIU XIANTING IN THE EARLY QING DYNASTY AND HIS THOUGHT OF GEOGRAPHY

Wang Xianghang   

  1. Guang Zhou Institute of Geography
  • Online:1985-05-20 Published:1985-05-20

摘要: 清初地理学家刘献廷(1648—1695,即清顺治五年至康熙三十四年),字继庄,别号广阳子,大兴(今北京市)人。重要著作唯有《广阳杂记》流传于世。刘献廷"不肯为词章之学",终生不入仕宦之途,怀着与世俗不同的抱负,主张以"经世"为主,讲究实用。以为人苟不能利济天下,徒以其知能为一身家之谋,"则不得谓之人"。这就突出了"经世致用"的思想。在这种注重实用的思想指导下,他对于前人的研究和著作,常视其实用意义而衡量其价值。例如《管子》是春秋战国时期著作,对许多自然现象,能从描述进至理论分析。

Abstract: Geograper Liu Xianting in the Early Qing dynasty and his contributions to geography were introduced in this paper.Liu’s thought of geography and works,such as measuring geographical location based on latitude,studing climatic change regularities,establishing a series of correlations between phonology and latitude,topography and wind and rainfall,city development and traffic conditions,and so on,all of those were expounded here,In additions, he suggested that the study work for geography should be carried sistematically and overall.