地理科学 ›› 1985, Vol. 5 ›› Issue (3): 267-272.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.1985.03.267

• 问题讨论 • 上一篇    下一篇

关于自然地理区划原则的探讨

李万   

  1. 湖南省经济地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1985-05-20 发布日期:1985-05-20

DISCUSSION ON PRINCIPLES OF PHYSIOGRAPHICAL REGIONALIZATION

Li Wan   

  1. Hunan Institute of Economic Geography
  • Online:1985-05-20 Published:1985-05-20

摘要: 自然地理区划原则问题是一个值得商讨的问题。因为目前出现了既前进又混乱的局面。值得高兴的是最近二、三十年来,国内外出现许多自然地理区划的原则,充分说明自然地理区划这一门科学在迅速成长。但至今国内外自然地理区划的理论和方法还没有形成一个令人信服的系统。大多数都是把综合自然地理区划需要的东西称作原则,摆在自然地理区划报告前面部分。就是那些"自然地理区划"的专著中也有许多的原则。因此把众多的"自然地理区划原则"进行分析、研究,尽快结束那种把观点、方法、实质、注意事项等都称作原则的时代,乃是刻不容缓的事。否则,自然地理区划这门学科就很难规范化、标准化。

Abstract: It is worth to discuss the question of regionalism principles of physiography,in order to reach unanimity of opinions.At present,there are various principles for the regionalism,such as genetic principle,composite principle, dominant factor principle and agricultural planning principle etc.The first two principles obviously belong to the category of philosophy opinion,and the last two are methodology ane teleology.In additions,the"zonality and no-zonality" principle is also short of scientific basis for regionalization.After analysing those principles above,the paper suggests that the zonality principle is suitable for regionalism of physiography.That consists of three regularities,i.e. latitude zonality,altitude zonality and geographic distribution zonality of sea and continent,